Luminescent Materials and Applications
John Wiley & Sons, Apr 30, 2008 - Technology & Engineering - 292 pages
Luminescence, for example, as fluorescence, bioluminescence, and phosphorescence, can result from chemical changes, electrical energy, subatomic motions, reactions in crystals, or stimulation of an atomic system. This subject continues to have a major technological role for humankind in the form of applications such as organic and inorganic light emitters for flat panel and flexible displays such as plasma displays, LCD displays, and OLED displays.
Luminescent Materials and Applications describes a wide range of materials and applications that are of current interest including organic light emitting materials and devices, inorganic light emitting diode materials and devices, down-conversion materials, nanomaterials, and powder and thin-film electroluminescent phosphor materials and devices. In addition, both the physics and the materials aspects of the field of solid-state luminescence are presented. Thus, the book may be used as a reference to gain an understanding of various types and mechanisms of luminescence and of the implementation of luminescence into practical devices.
The book is aimed at postgraduate students (physicists, electrical engineers, chemical engineers, materials scientists, and engineers) and researchers in industry, for example, at lighting and display companies and academia involved in studying conduction in solids and electronic materials. It will also provide an excellent starting point for all scientists interested in luminescent materials. Finally it is hoped that this book will not only educate, but also stimulate further progress in this rapidly evolving field.
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1 Principles of Luminescence
2 Phosphor Quantum Dots
3 Color Conversion Phosphors for LEDS
4 Development of white OLED technology for application in fullcolor displays and solidstate lighting
5 Polymer LightEmitting Electrochemical Cells
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AC powder achieved applications atoms band gap blue LED cathode CdSe Ce3+ charge Chem color filters color gamut concentration conduction band Copyright crystal current density deposition device structure dielectric layer diode display dopant drive voltage electric field electrochemical doping electroluminescence electrolyte emitters emitting energy Eu2+ excitation exciton film dielectric fluorescent glass substrate green Heeger increase ions Kitai lattice LED lighting Lett lifetime light emission light-emitting light-emitting diodes luminescent luminescent polymer luminous efficacy materials MEH-PPV metal Mn2+ n-doping nanocrystals nanoparticles operating optical organic oxide p-n junction particles phosphor layer photoluminescence photon Phys planar LECs polymer polymer LED properties Qdots quantum dots quantum efficiency radiative recombination relaxation result semiconductor shown in Figure spectra spectrum stability surface synthesis tandem TFEL thick film thin film transition valence band voltage bias white LED white light white OLED yellow ZnSe