Understanding the Role of Production and Craft Specialization in Ancient Socio-economic Systems: Toward the Integration of Spatial Analysis, Three-dimensional Modeling and Virtual Reality in Archaeology
ProQuest, 2008 - 69 pages
Over the past several decades, technology has proven to be a key variable for measuring social change in the archaeological record. This thesis examines some of the models anthropologists use to parse out the organization of craft specialization in an effort link the dynamics of craft production with human behavior. After exploring some useful approaches to this problem, such as the chaine operatoire (Leroi-Gourhan 1993) and 'behavior chains' (Schiffer 1976), a case study in craft specialization is presented for the Iron Age (ca. 1200 -- 900 BCE) metal production site of Khirbat en-Nahas in southern Jordan. To identify the chaine operatoire a series of traditional and innovative methods of spatial analysis will be carried out.
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2 Craft Specialization as a Lens for Examining Social Change
3 Technological Approaches to the Investigation of Social Chang
5 Spatial Analysis in Archaeology
6 Hypotheses to be Tested
8 Methodologies Digital Field Recording Spatial Analyses
3D modeling 3D surface anthropological Arabah archaeological data archaeologists ArcView artifacts attached specialists Calit2 centuries BCE Chalcolithic Computer modeling context coordinates copper production Costin craft production craft specialists craft specialization create Digital Terrain Model distribution maps Early Bronze Age Edom Edomite excavations exported Faynan district Figure full-time Geographic Information Systems highlands Hodder and Orton human behavior immersive virtual reality imported into Blender independent specialists interpretation Iron Age Khirbat en-Nahas kin-based Leeuw Levy and Najjar Lock and Harris metal production modeling and virtual narrow range narrow nearest neighbor nucleated objects organization of craft organization of production output parameters part-time polygons production and craft production systems quantitative methods raw materials reconstruction result satellite image Schiffer social solid modelers southern Levant spatial analysis spatial data spatial patterns statistical structure subsystem surface model techniques three-dimensional tool variables visual VRML Wadi Jariya Wheatley and Gillings wide range wide Workshop