A History of Pentateuchal Traditions

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Pearson Education, Limited, 1972 - Religion - 296 pages

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The Task
P as Narrative and as Literary Framework of
J as Literary Basis of the Combined JE Narrative

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Common terms and phrases

Aaron Abimelech Abraham Abraham tradition Albrecht Alt already Amalekites ancient appears arable land Aramean Baal Peor Balaam basis Beer-Lahai-Roi Beer-sheba belongs Beth-Haran Bethel Blessing of Jacob Blessing of Moses Book of Joshua Calebites Canaan Canaanite central Palestinian Chezib connection context course covenant cult cultic Deut Deuteronomistic Deuteronomistic History divine East Jordan Edom Edomites Eduard Meyer Egypt Egyptian elements Elohist Ephraimites Esau etiology event Exodus fact figure formulation Gerar Gerhard von Rad golden calf grave Gunkel Hagrites Haran Hazeroth Hebron Hermann Gunkel Hexateuch history of Israel Hobab Holiness Code Hormah Hugo Gressmann inserted Isaac Ishmaelites Israel Israelite tribes Jabbok Jacob Jeroboam Jerusalem Joseph story Judean Judean mountains Julius Wellhausen Kadesh Kenite Laban later Levitical literary Mahanaim Mamre Martin Noth Meribah Mesopotamia Midian Midianites Moabites Moses motif Mount Gilead mountain of God Nadab and Abihu Nahor narrated narrative material Noth's occupation old Pentateuchal old sources Old Testament original Palestine Palestinian passage Passover patriarchal Pentateuchal narrative Pentateuchal themes Pentateuchal tradition Penuel Pharaoh Phicol prehistory probably question rather redactor Reed Sea regard Rephidim revelation at Sinai Rudolf Kittel sanctuary secondarily secondary Shechem Sigmund Mowinckel Sihon southern substantive table of nations theme guidance theme revelation theophany tion traditio-historical Transjordan tribal tribes of Simeon two-source hypothesis variant von Rad wilderness Yahweh Yahwist

About the author (1972)

Martin Noth, a most resourceful biblical historian, was a native of Dresden, Germany. On the completion of his studies at the Universities of Erlangen, Leipzig, and Rostock, he initiated his teaching career at the University of Griefswald (1927-30). Noth then taught Old Testament studies at the University of Konigsberg (1930-45) before moving to the University of Bonn, where he was Distinguished Professor of New Testament Exegesis and president of its evangelical theological seminary (1945-65). From 1965 until his death three years later, Noth was director of the Institute for the Study of the Holy Land in Jerusalem, a position once held by his teacher, Albrecht Alt. In addition to his pioneering tradition-critical work on the Pentateuch (A History of Pentateuchal Traditions, made available in English in 1972), Noth authored perceptive commentaries on the books of Exodus, Leviticus, and Numbers (whose English translations appeared in 1962, 1965, and 1968, respectively). Noth is mainly known to English-speaking readers through his classic, The History of Israel (1960). Though Noth's innovative historical reconstruction of pre-monarchical Israel as a tribal and cultic "amphictyony," an analogy to early Greek society, has suffered criticism in recent years, related ideas regarding ancient Israel's gradual settlement in the land of Canaan have proven useful. Moreover, many scholars have been influenced by Noth's theory that the book of Deuteronomy is no appendage to the Tetrateuch (Genesis--Numbers), but is instead the initial component of a large, complex literary work known as the Deuteronomistic History, which incorporates the Old Testament books of Joshua, Judges, 1-2 Samuel, and 1-2 Kings. This historical witness, says Noth, received its final editing in the sixth century B.C. after the dual monarchies of Israel and Judah had fallen to the enemy.

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