Disney Professor of Archaeology and Director of the McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research Graeme Barker, Graeme Barker, Richard Hodges
Bloomsbury Academic, 1995 - History - 351 pages
This extensive study documents the long-term human settlement history of the Biferno Valley in central-southern Italy, from its earliest occupation in the Stone Age right up to the present day. Integrating the techniques of archaeology, history and geography, Barker shows how settlement in the Valley is inextricably linked to the parallel story of landscape development, his themes and subjects including: Approaches to Mediterranean landscape history; The modern landscape; Methodologies of the Biferno Valley Survey; The natural landscape and its evolution; Early prehsitoric settlement; The first agricultural communities; Iron Age chiefdoms (c.1000-500 BC); Pentri, Frentani and the beginnings of urbanization (c.500--80 BC); Roman towns and territories (c.80 BC-600 AD); The evolution of hilltop villages (AD 600-1500); Feudalism and the `Southern Question' (AD 1500 to the present).
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Approaches to Mediterranean landscape history
the modern landscape
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activity agricultural animal Apennine archaeological artefacts assemblages Barker basin Biferno valley Boiano bone bronze age building Campobasso centres century BC certainly Chapter Chris Hunt classical collected communities consisted containing deposits described dominated earlier early evidence example excavations farming finds flakes Four fragments gravels groups Guglionesi identified important indicate iron age Italian Italy land landscape Larinum late later less locations lower valley major material Matese medieval Mediterranean metres middle middle valley millennium Molise Monte neolithic occupation palaeolithic particularly perhaps period phase pits Pleistocene population possible pottery principal probably production range record region remains river Roman rural Saepinum Samnite sample sanctuary Santa sediments seems settlement sherds side similar social soil southern species stone structures suggests surface survey Termoli town typical upper valley villages ware zone