A Mediterranean valley: landscape archaeology and annales history in the Biferno Valley
From the lakeside encampment of Stone Age scavengers three-quarters of a million years ago to the problems facing modern-day farmers, A Mediterranean Valley documents the long-term settlement history of the Biferno Valley in central-southern Italy, analysing the symbiotic relationship of its landscape and its inhabitants.
Integrating the techniques of archaeology, history and geography, this volume traces the history of human settlement in the Valley and shows how it is inextricably linked to the parallel story of landscape development. Unique in its geographical and historical time-scale, the Biferno Valley project is widely cited within the archaeological community and is considered the best example to date of the importance of human settlement in shaping the Mediterranean landscape.
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Approaches to Mediterranean landscape history
the modern landscape
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1st century 3rd century 4th century Abruzzo agricultural animal Apennine Apulia artefacts assemblages Benedittis Bifemo Biferno valley Boiano Boiano basin bone Bovianum bronze age bronze age settlement Campania Campobasso Campochiaro cemeteries centres century BC classical Daunian deposits early Etruria evidence excavations farming farmstead faunal field-walking flakes flint Fonte Maggio fragments Graeme Barker gravels Guglionesi indicate iron age Italian Italy kilometres land landscape Larino Larinum late limestone lithic lower valley lowlands major Maria in Civita Masseria Mammarella material Matese Matrice medieval Mediterranean metres metres above sea Mezzogiorno middle valley millennium bc Molise Monte Maulo Monte Vairano neolithic neolithic settlements Niro peninsula phase pits ploughing population pottery probably production Regina region river Rome rural Saepinum Samnite Samnium sample San Giacomo sanctuary Santa Maria sea level sediments sherds Sinarca soil Sparanise suggests surface Termoli town transhumance upper palaeolithic upper valley valley floor villages zone