A Nice Derangement of Epistemes: Post-positivism in the Study of Science from Quine to Latour
Since the 1950s, many philosophers of science have attacked positivism—the theory that scientific knowledge is grounded in objective reality. Reconstructing the history of these critiques, John H. Zammito argues that while so-called postpositivist theories of science are very often invoked, they actually provide little support for fashionable postmodern approaches to science studies.
Zammito shows how problems that Quine and Kuhn saw in the philosophy of the natural sciences inspired a turn to the philosophy of language for resolution. This linguistic turn led to claims that science needs to be situated in both historical and social contexts, but the claims of recent "science studies" only deepened the philosophical quandary. In essence, Zammito argues that none of the problems with positivism provides the slightest justification for denigrating empirical inquiry and scientific practice, delivering quite a blow to the "discipline" postmodern science studies.
Filling a gap in scholarship to date, A Nice Derangement of Epistemes will appeal to historians, philosophers, philosophers of science, and the broader scientific community.
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Quine and Postpostivism in the Philosophy of Science
3 Living in Different Worlds? Kuhns Misadventures with Incommensurability
4 Doing Kuhn One Better? The Failed Marriage of History and Philosophy of Science
The Strong Program and the Social Construction of Science
Social Constructivism and the Turn to Microsociological Studies
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argued argument Barry Barnes Bruno Latour Callon Cambridge causal Chicago citing claim Collins conception construction context critical cultural David Bloor Davidson deﬁne deﬁnitive discourse Duhem Duhem-Quine thesis empirical empiricism ence epistemology essay feminism feminist Feyerabend ﬁeld ﬁnd ﬁrst Gross and Levitt Haraway historians historicism History and Philosophy history of science holism Ian Hacking Ibid idea Imre Lakatos incommensurability indeterminacy of translation inquiry insisted interpretation justiﬁcation Kitcher Knorr-Cetina Kuhn Kuhn’s Lakatos language Laudan linguistic logical Longino McMullin methodological Mulkay naturalized epistemology normative notion object observation ontological paradigm Philosophy of Science Pickering Popper positivism post-positivism postmodernism problem question Quine Quine’s radical rationality Reﬂections Reﬂexivity relativism Rorty Roth science studies science wars scientiﬁc knowledge scientiﬁc practice scientiﬁc theories scientists sentences Shapin and Schaffer signiﬁcant Social Studies sociologists Sociology of Knowledge sociology of science sociology of scientiﬁc Sokal Hoax speciﬁc Strong Program Studies of Science theoretical tion underdetermination University Press Woolgar