A Poisonous Affair: America, Iraq, and the Gassing of Halabja

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Cambridge University Press, Jun 18, 2007 - History - 314 pages
In March 1988, during the Iran-Iraq war, thousands were killed in a chemical attack in a remote town in Iraqi Kurdistan. In the aftermath of the horror, confusion reigned over who had carried it out, each side accusing the other in the ongoing bloodbath of the Iran-Iraq war. As the fog lifted, the responsibility of Saddam Hussein's regime was revealed, and with it the tacit support of Iraq's western allies. This book, by a veteran observer of human rights in the Middle East, tells the story of the gassing of Halabja. It shows how Iraq was able to develop ever-more sophisticated chemical weapons and target Iranian soldiers and Kurdish villagers as America looked the other way. Today, as Iraq disintegrates and the Middle East sinks further into turmoil, these policies are coming back to haunt America and the West.
 

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Contents

Section 1
37
Section 2
38
Section 3
46
Section 4
52
Section 5
65
Section 6
74
Section 7
81
Section 8
100
Section 24
136
Section 25
137
Section 26
138
Section 27
139
Section 28
140
Section 29
141
Section 30
142
Section 31
143

Section 9
102
Section 10
104
Section 11
117
Section 12
120
Section 13
125
Section 14
126
Section 15
127
Section 16
128
Section 17
129
Section 18
130
Section 19
131
Section 20
132
Section 21
133
Section 22
134
Section 23
135
Section 32
144
Section 33
145
Section 34
146
Section 35
147
Section 36
148
Section 37
151
Section 38
157
Section 39
165
Section 40
167
Section 41
168
Section 42
170
Section 43
183
Section 44
206
Section 45
216

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