A Recursive Vision: Ecological Understanding and Gregory Bateson

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University of Toronto Press, 1995 - Philosophy - 358 pages
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Gregory Bateson was one of the most original social scientists of this century. He is widely known as author of key ideas used in family therapy - including the well-known condition called 'double bind' . He was also one of the most influential figures in cultural anthropology. In the decade before his death in 1980 Bateson turned toward a consideration of ecology. Standard ecology concentrates on an ecosystem's biomass and on energy budgets supporting life. Bateson came to the conclusion that understanding ecological organization requires a complete switch in scientific perspective. He reasoned that ecological phenomena must be explained primarily through patterns of information and that only through perceiving these informational patterns will we uncover the elusive unity, or integration, of ecosystems.

Bateson believed that relying upon the materialist framework of knowledge dominant in ecological science will deepen errors of interpretation and, in the end, promote eco-crisis. He saw recursive patterns of communication as the basis of order in both natural and human domains. He conducted his investigation first in small-scale social settings; then among octopus, otters, and dolphins. Later he took these investigations to the broader setting of evolutionary analysis and developed a framework of thinking he called 'an ecology of mind.' Finally, his inquiry included an ecology of mind in ecological settings - a recursive epistemology.

This is the first study of the whole range of Bateson's ecological thought - a comprehensive presentaionof Bateson's matrix of ideas. Drawing on unpublished letters and papers, Harries-Jones clarifies themes scattered throughout Bateson's own writings, revealing the conceptual consistency inherent in Bateson's position, and elaborating ways in which he pioneered aspects of late twentieth-century thought.

 

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Contents

Bateson and the Environment
4
W B the Eminent AntiDarwinist
17
Conclusion
32
The Towerof Prayer
41
Alternative Causality
54
The Map Is Not the Territory
67
Metaphors for Living Forms
81
Stories for Evoking Gestalt
99
Mind and Nature
145
Recursion
168
The Pattern Which Connects
192
Two Models of Ecology Compared Odum
210
Visions of Unity
212
Models of Recursive Hierarchy Logical Types
243
Scan Interface and Double Vision A Model
261
Select Bibliography
321

Redefining Noise and Error
113
Context as a Framing Device
127

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About the author (1995)

Peter Harries-Jones is an associate professor in the Department of Anthropology, York University

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