A Theory of Human Need
Macmillan International Higher Education, Aug 23, 1991 - Political Science - 381 pages
Argues that human beings have universal and objective needs for health and autonomy and a right to their optimal satisfaction. The authors show what such optimization would mean in practice and assess the records of developed and underdeveloped economies in meeting their citizens' needs.
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Who Needs Human Needs?
The Inevitability of Human Needs
The Grammar of Need
the Basic Needs
Societal Preconditions for the Satisfaction of Basic
Human Liberation and the Right to NeedSatisfaction
Special obligations and the optimisation
Physical Health and Autonomy
Autonomy and mental illness
Societal Preconditions for Optimising NeedSatisfaction
Towards a Political Economy of NeedSatisfaction
A Dual Political Strategy
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accept achieve activities argued arguments Barrington Moore basic need-satisfaction basic needs beliefs biomedical model capacity Chapter cognitive communication concept constitutes constraints consumption countries critical autonomy cultural defined democratic disability disease duty economic entails environment evaluation example existence factors freedom global goals groups Habermas health and autonomy human need identified impaired improvement income individual autonomy inequality intermediate needs labour levels of need-satisfaction Marxism measures mental illness minimal moral nations need satisfiers negative freedom negative rights normative objective OECD operationalise optimal need-satisfaction optimisation optimum participation particular Penz person physical health policies political population potential poverty poverty line practice principle problems production Rawls Rawls's Rawlsian reason relativism reproduction require responsibility role rules satisfaction sense serious harm social environment social indicators societal preconditions society specific survival theory Third World tion traditional understanding UNICEF welfare welfare economics women World Bank