Alfarabi, Avicenna, and Averroes, on Intellect: Their Cosmologies, Theories of the Active Intellect, and Theories of Human Intellect
A study of problems, all revolving around the subject of intellect in the philosophies of Alfarabi, Avicenna, and Averroes, this book starts by reviewing discussions in Greek and early Arabic philosophy which served as the background for the three Arabic thinkers. Davidson examines the cosmologies and theories of human and active intellect in the three philosophers and covers such subjects as: the emanation of the supernal realm from the First Cause; the emanation of the lower world from the transcendent active intellect; stages of human intellect; illumination of the human intellect by the transcendent active intellect; conjunction of the human intellect with the transcendent active intellect; prophecy; and human immortality. Davidson shows that medieval Jewish philosophers and the Latin Scholastics had differing perceptions of Averroes because they happened to use works belonging to different periods of his philosophic career.
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Abū al-Barakāt acquired intellect active intellect actual human thought actual intellect al-Madina al-Fādila al-Tahafut Alexander Alexander’s Alfarabi and Avicenna anima animal Arabic Arabic text Arabic translation argument Aristotelian Aristotle Aristotle’s Averroes body cause celestial spheres cogitative faculty concepts conjoining disposition for thought English translation Enneads Epitome eternal eudaemonia existence French translation generatione animalium German translation Gersonides Ghazali Hallevi Hebrew text Hikmat al-Ishrāq human intellect human material intellect human soul Ibid Ibn Bājja Ibn Tufail images immortality incorporeal intelligences incorporeal substance insight intellect in habitu intelligible thoughts Ishārāt knowledge light Long Commentary Maimonides man’s manuscripts Metaphysics Middle Commentary Mishkāt mover natural forms Neoplatonic Nicomachean Ethics object of thought Parva naturalia passage perfection philosophers physical Plotinus portion of matter position Possibility of Conjunction proposition rational soul receives Risāla Shifā soul soul-heat soul’s stage sublunar matter sublunar world substratum Suhrawardi supernal Tahāfut Themistius Theology of Aristotle theory things trans true dreams universe writes