All the Mothers are One: Hindu India and the Cultural Reshaping of Psychoanalysis
The creative, anthropologically informed psychoanalysis of Hindu culture that emerges yields a general method of reshaping psychoanalytic theory to fit the unique conditions of different cultures. This new, group-oriented developmental model is called "separation-integration," and holds that, in the Hindu case, the child moves away from the exclusive attachment to a single mother and toward immersion in the larger maternal group. This is in direct contrast to the Western model of "separation-individuation," wherein the child, aided by the father, moves away from the mother and toward individuated selfhood. This immersion in the Hindu maternal group plays a central role in the development of culturally distinctive feelings and needs that are carried over into adult life.
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