An Economic and Social History of the Ottoman Empire, 1300-1914

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Cambridge University Press, 1994 - Business & Economics - 1026 pages
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The Ottoman Empire was one of the major empires of modern times, covering an area extending from the borderlands of Hungary to the North African coastal areas. This book provides a richly detailed account of its social and economic history, from its origins around 1300 to the eve of its destruction during World War I. In the four chronological sections, each by a leading authority, developments in population, trade, transport, manufacturing, land tenure and the economy are charted and analysed; an appendix examines Ottoman monetary history over the entire period. The breadth of its range and the fullness of its coverage make this an essential book for understanding contemporary developments in both the Middle East and the post-Soviet Balkan world.
 

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Contents

General introduction i
1
ECONOMY
9
Population growth in Anatolia
28
Ottoman provinces c 1900 xxxix
33
A THE ECONOMIC MIND
44
Principal mining sites in Serbia Bosnia and Macedonia
61
The state treasury and budgets
77
State revenues in the early years of Kanuni Suleyman
81
10 Distribution of Aleppo quarters in 1537 1584 and 1683
501
in Cairo 16791700
509
Finances
531
Assessment and collection of the niizul
534
The ruling elite between politics and the economy
545
possible nonMuslim origins
551
21 Career backgrounds of new sancakbeyi 15701640
565
Social life in cities
576

STATE LAND AND PEASANT
103
Land possession outside the miri system
120
Land surveying
132
Settlements
155
TRADE
179
Anatolian goods marketed in Istanbul
183
general conditions
188
Bursa and the silk trade
218
Trade routes of the empire
220
Balkans 152030
257
The Black Sea and Eastern Europe
271
The India trade
315
Venetian sea routes in the Mediterranean in the fifteenth century
318
Northerners in the Mediterranean
364
Bibliography
380
CRISIS AND CHANGE
411
economic crisis and partial recovery
433
foundations of Mevlana
443
Evidence regarding presence of qiftliks early seventeenth
449
century Ottoman Europe
450
1 Cloth production in BursaAleppo 15511561
454
Istanbul Arsenal 164849
464
regional interregional and international
474
Indigenous exports of the eastern Mediterranean later
475
seventeenth century
476
Fairs of the Balkans and Anatolia in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries
491
7 Summary of court cases involving loans Aleppo court
492
Trade in Anatolian sheep sixteenth to seventeenth centuries
497
Textile production in western and central Anatolia 15001650
498
Indigenous exports of the eastern Mediterranean later eighteenth century 726
500
Symbols of power and legitimation
609
Bibliography
623
THE AGE OF THE AYANS
637
Population and migration
646
The elites and their retinues
658
Peasants and pastoralists
680
Merchants and craftsmen
695
The state and the economy
710
Trade
724
Bibliography
743
Overview of the nineteenth century
761
The Ottoman Middle East c 1914
775
Population
777
Transportation
798
Railroads in the Ottoman Empire and its former European possessions c 1914
805
Commerce
824
Agriculture
843
Manufacturing
888
2o Production of selected textiles at Diyarbekir 18571903
925
Bibliography
934
MONEY IN THE OTTOMAN
947
The Ottoman akqe and its exchange rate 13261477
954
5 The silver akqe and the gold sultanijerifi 15841690
963
9 Exchange rates of other currencies expressed in Ottoman
972
1 The Ottoman akqe and its exchange rate 13261914
975
Bibliography
981
List of weights and measures
987
Glossary
995
Index
1003
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About the author (1994)

A prominent scholar in Middle Eastern history for nearly half a century, Halil Inalcik was born in Istanbul, Turkey, and received his Ph.D. from the University of Ankara in 1942. He taught at his alma mater from 1943 to 1972, when he accepted a professorship in Middle Eastern history at the University of Chicago, where he was professor emeritus. An authority on the Ottoman-Turkish period, particularly in the field of social and economic history, Inalcik lectured widely at major universities and international conferences and has written numerous articles and books in both Turkish and English.

Quataert is Professor of History, Binghamton University.

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