Apollo: The Definitive Sourcebook

Capa
Springer Science & Business Media, 15 de mar. de 2006 - 633 páginas

On 25 May 1961, John F Kennedy announced the goal of landing an American man on the Moon by the end of the decade. This challenge forced NASA to review the planned lunar landing of a three-man spaceship named Apollo in the mid-1970s. In 1962, it was decided that a specialized vehicle would accompany the main spacecraft, to make the lunar landing while the mothership remained in lunar orbit. To send these vehicles to the Moon would require the development of an enormous rocket. Development was protracted, but in December 1968 Apollo 8 was launched on a pioneering mission to perform an initial reconnaissance in lunar orbit. When Apollo 17 lifted off from the Moon in December 1972, the program was concluded. Now, at long last, there is a real prospect of a resumption of human exploration of the Moon.

This book provides an overview of the origins of the Apollo program and descriptions of the ground facilities, launch vehicles and spacecraft that will serve as an invaluable single-volume sourcebook for space enthusiasts, space historians, journalists, and programme-makers on radio and TV. It supplements tha other books that have focused on the politics and management of the Apollo program, the astronauts, and their training and exploits.

 

Conteúdo

Introduction
1
A manned satellite
2
The Saturn launch vehicle
3
NASAS longterm plan
6
Conceiving the Apollo spacecraft
7
The way to the moon the mission mode
9
Change of administration
10
Kennedys challenge
11
Mission timeline
216
Testing the LM in Earth orbit
221
Launch preparations
222
Earth orbit phase
225
Recovery
230
mission objectives
231
Mission timeline
246
Testing the LM in lunar orbit
253

The mode debate continues
14
Saturn testing starts
16
Mercury mark it?
17
Issuing contracts
19
Reorganization
21
The decision for Gemini
23
Deciding the mission mode
24
Mission planning issues
27
Lem design issues
29
Ongoing changes
30
Mueller takes charge
31
Kennedys assassination
34
Refining the docking system
36
Refining the LEM
37
Suit issues
40
Gearing up
41
Developing th Saturn V
44
Preparing Apollo
45
Setback and recovery
49
Picking up the pace
52
The first Saturn V flight
53
Overcoming problems with daring plans
55
Dress rehearsal
60
The landing crew
61
Development program
63
first flight test
64
Completing Phase I
65
Phase II testing
66
Conclusions
69
A CSM on a ballistic arc
75
Ascent phase
76
Postboost phase
79
Conclusions
80
Mission timeline
82
Evaluating the SIVB
85
Ascent phase
86
Earth orbit phase
88
Conclusions
89
Mission timeline
91
Testing the CM heat shield
93
Ascent phase
95
Recovery
97
Conclusions
98
Mission timeline
103
Cabin fire
105
Vehicle history
106
Chronology of the fire
111
Investigation
112
The cause of the fire
115
First test of the Saturn V
121
Ascent phase
124
Earth orbit phase
126
Recovery
127
Mission timeline
137
Unmanned test of the LM
139
Ascent phase
140
Conclusions
143
Mission objectives
146
Mission timeline
148
Second test of the Saturn V
151
Earth orbit phase
154
Recovery
157
Mission objectives
164
Mission timeline
166
Testing the CSM in Earth orbit
169
Launch preparations
170
Earth orbit phase
171
Recovery
178
Mission objectives
185
Mission timeline
188
Testing the CSM in lunar orbit
193
Launch preparations
195
Ascent phase
197
Earth orbit phase
199
Lunar orbit phase
201
Transearth phase
203
Recovery
204
Conclusions
205
Mission objectives
213
Earth orbit phase
257
Lunar orbit phase
258
Transearth phase
261
Recovery
262
Conclusions
263
Mission objectives
270
Mission timeline
272
Landing on Mare Tranquilitatis
277
Landing sight
278
Launch preparations
283
Ascent phase
284
Earth orbit phase
287
Lunar orbit and lunar surface phase
288
Transearth phase
292
Recovery
293
Conclusions
294
Mission objectives
296
Mission timeline
317
Landing in Oceanus Procellarum
325
Launch sights
327
Earth orbit phase
331
Lunar orbit and lunar surface phase
332
Transearth phase
336
Conclusions
337
Mission objectives
339
Mission timeline
351
Inflight abort
359
Landing site
360
Launch preparations
361
Ascent phase
363
Earth orbit phase
365
Abort
366
Recovery
369
Conclusions
370
Mission objectives
373
Mission timeline
383
Landing in the Fra Mauro Formation
391
Launch preparations
392
Ascent phase
394
Earth orbit phase
396
Lunar orbit and lunar surface phase
397
Transearth phase
401
Conclusions
402
Mission objectives
404
Mission timeline
413
Landing at HadleyApennine
423
Launch preparations
425
Ascent phase
428
Lunar orbit and lunar surface phase
430
Transearth phase
434
Conclusions
435
Mission objectives
439
Mission timeline
459
Landing at DescartesCaley
469
Launch preparations
471
Earth orbit phase
474
Lunar orbit and lunar surface phase
476
Transearth phase
479
Recovery
480
Conclusions
481
Mission objectives
493
Mission timeline
495
Landing at TaurusLittrow
505
Launch preparations
508
Ascent phase
509
Earth orbit phase
512
Lunar orbit and lunar surface phase
513
Transearth phase
517
Recovery
518
Mission objectives
520
Mission timeline
534
In retrospect
545
The outstanding mystery
547
Appendix
549
Glossary
613
Bibliography
617
Index
625
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