As an archaeologist Shereen Ratnagar has been long involved in studying the enigma of early kin-organized, small-scale and non-specialized societies which lack private landed-property and are free of a money economy; societies that we call tribal. Having conducted ethno-archaeological research amongst the tribal people in eastern Gujarat, she spent a few months living with them to investigate how, in spite of their miniscule land holdings, they are able to raise cash crops, year after year. Far from being abject or 'primitive', tribal people schedule their subsistence in a rational way, which is diversified in more ways that one, and families are self-sufficient to a considerable extent. That households think years ahead, is also abundantly clear from their provisions for the storage of food. Being Tribal attempts to define tribal society, traces tribal migrations in history, and examines their modes of agricultural production, This book also comes to the conclusion that tribal culture is robust, and that Indian society owes it to the tribal population--repeatedly displaced and marginalized in the interests of the powerful--to give them full scope to live out their destinies in their own way.
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adivasi affinal kin Alirajpur Ambala ancestors animals Anthropology of Religion Aurora Badvo Baria Bhasha Bhil Bhilala Bhili Bombay Presidency Bombay Presidency Vol Brahmanical cash cent central India century Champaner Chhota Udepur crops culture deity Devgadh Baria ethnic falia father field forest Gazetteer grain Gujarat haat habitat Hardiman harvest hills Hindu households ibid Inamgaon intercropping irrigation Jetpur jowar K.S. Singh kinship kodro Koli Koraga laah labour land lineage live mahudo trees maize manure medieval migration millets moneylenders monsoon mosetis Naik Naikda Nath nutrients one’s Orsang peasants person Pithora Pithora painting Pithora ritual plant plots plough agriculture population pottery poverty production rainfall rajas Rajput Ratanmal Rathwa Ratnagar region Rewakantha rice rural sacred groves seeds settlement shaman shifting agriculture shifting cultivation Singala slash-and-burn social soil standard Gujarati storage stored subsistence Tadvi teak Tejgarh terracotta tooer tribal groups tribal society tribe urad women