Beyond Memory: The Crimean Tatars' Deportation and Return
In the early morning hours of May 18, 1944 the Russian army, under orders from Stalin, deported the entire Crimean Tatar population from their historical homeland. Given only fifteen minutes to gather their belongings, they were herded into cattle cars bound for Soviet Central Asia. Although the official Soviet record was cleansed of this affair and the name of their ethnic group was erased from all records and official documents, Crimean Tatars did not assimilate with other groups or disappear. This is an ethnographic study of the negotiation of social memory and the role this had in the growth of a national repatriation movement among the Crimean Tatars. It examines the recollections of the Crimean Tatars, the techniques by which they are produced and transmitted and the formation of a remarkably uniform social memory in light of their dispersion throughout Central Asia. Through the lens of social memory, the book covers not only the deportation and life in the diaspora but the process by which the children and grandchildren of the deportees 'returned' and anchored themselves in the Crimean Penininsula, a place they had never visited.
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1 The Lay of the Historic Land
2 The Faces of Public Memory
Recalling the 1944 Deportation
The Social Circulation of Memory and Sentiments
Memories of Power and the Power of Memory
6 How Death Came to be Beautiful
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1944 deportation activists anti-Soviet argued Bahçesaray became become Bekirov Bolshevik Central Asia chapter claims collaboration Crimean ASSR Crimean Khanate Crimean peninsula Crimean Tatar language Crimean Tatar National cultural Dagçi described Eminov emotional ethnic example exile experience family’s father’s Germans groups Gurkovich historic homeland idea images imagined immolation important indigenous individuals interpretation interview Islam Khanate Kurultai land Lilya living Mafia means Mejlis memory Moscow mother Musa Mahmut Muslim Muslim Committees Mustafa Dzhemilev narratives NKVD occupation official organized parents partisans past patriotism political population post-Soviet postmemories propiska recalled recollections recounting Redvan regime religious remember repatriation Reshat residents Russians and Ukrainians sentiments settlement Seytmuratova Simferopol social Soviet authorities Soviet Union special settlers Stalin story structure of feeling style suggests Tajikistan Tashkent Tatar National Movement tion told took traitors treason Ukraine Ukrainian Uzbek Uzbekistan Yalta Zira