Bioarchaeology: Interpreting Behavior from the Human Skeleton

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Cambridge University Press, May 6, 1999 - History - 461 pages
Human remains recovered from archaeological sites can help us interpret lifetime events such as disease, physiological stress, injury and violent death, physical activity, tooth use, diet, and demographic history of once-living populations. This is the first comprehensive synthesis of the emerging field of bioarchaeology. A central theme is the interaction between biology and behavior, underscoring the dynamic nature of skeletal and dental tissues, and the influences of environment and culture on human biological variation. It emphasizes research results and their interpretation, covering palaeopathology, physiological stress, skeletal and dental growth and structure, and the processes of aging and biodistance. It will be a unique resource for students and researchers interested in biological and physical anthropology or archaeology.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Stress and deprivation during the years of growth and development and adulthood
6
skeletal
8
dental
23
24 Skeletal and dental pathological markers of deprivation
29
25 Adult stress
56
26 Summary and conclusions
61
Exposure to infectious pathogens
64
63 Histomorphometric biomechanical adaptation
219
64 Behavioral inference from whole bone measurements
220
65 Summary and conclusions
224
Masticatory and nonmasticatory functions craniofacial adaptation
226
72 Cranial form and function
227
73 Dental and alveolar changes
242
74 Dental wear and function
247
75 Summary and conclusions
268

32 Dental caries
65
33 Periodontal disease periodontitis and tooth loss
77
34 Nonspecific infection
82
treponematosis tuberculosis and leprosy
93
36 Summary and conclusions
107
Injury and violent death
109
42 Accidental injury
110
43 Intentional injury and interpersonal violence
119
44 Medical care and surgical intervention
152
45 Interpreting skeletal trauma
154
46 Summary and conclusions
159
Activity patterns 1 Articular and muscular modifications
161
52 Articular joints and their function
162
54 Nonpathological articular modifications
185
55 Nonarticular pathological conditions relating to activity
188
56 Summary and conclusions
193
Activity patterns 2 Structural adaptation
195
Crosssectional geometry
197
Isotopic and elemental signatures of diet and nutrition
270
82 Isotopic analysis
271
83 Elemental analysis
290
84 Methodological issues in bioarchaeological chemistry
300
Historical dimensions of skeletal variation tracing genetic relationships
302
92 Classes of biodistance data
305
temporal perspectives
310
spatial perspectives
324
95 Summary and conclusions
331
Changes and challenges in bioarchaeology
333
102 Sample representation
334
103 Data recording standards
340
104 Bioarchaeology and cultural patrimony
341
References
343
General index
432
Site index
459
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