Britain and the Vatican During the Second World War

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Cambridge University Press, Jun 24, 1988 - History - 344 pages
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The book studies the use made by the British government of its envoy, immured inside the Vatican from 1940 to 1944, and what the envoy made of such opportunities during the Second World War to help the Allied cause. We see the Vatican, the Fascist Italy, from 'inside', and so gain a new and rare perspective into the predicament of the papacy. Owen Chadwick gives insight into the workings of the Vatican, including such questions as the struggle to keep Italy out of the war, the relations between the Vatican and the Fascist government, the use which the British sought to make of Vatican radio, the question of condemning atrocities, the bombing of Rome, the fall of Fascism, the armistice between the Allies and Italy, the German occupation of Rome, and the escape line for British prisoners of war. The author has used several groups of hitherto unexplored archives, and makes a fresh contribution both to the history of the Second World War and to the modern history of the papacy.
 

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Contents

Britain and the Vatican in the last years of Pope Pius XI 193539
1
ii A Fascist Pope?
7
iii Osborne
13
iv A Pope against Hitler
16
The Conclave of 1939
30
The peace plans of Pius XII
57
The winter war 193940
79
ii The German conspiracy
86
iv Greek famine
190
v The German invasion of Russia
193
vi Prisonersofwar
196
The Jews in 1942
198
ii Vatican information
201
iii The coming of Tittmann
202
iv The Jewish deportations
204
The bombing of Rome
222

iii American intervention
100
The Italian entry into the war
104
ii The rights of diplomats in war
114
iii The entry into the Vatican
117
First months in the Vatican
124
ii The French armistice
132
iii Radio Vaticana
141
Surveillance I
150
ii Ecclesiastics in the Vatican
154
iii Swiss Guards
160
v Italian servants
165
vi The Vatican police
168
vii Rumours among Fascists
173
viii Rumour and German intelligence
176
Surveillance II the bag
181
ii The Italian Curia
187
ii British bombing policy
224
iii Rome an open city?
236
The Italian Armistice
246
ii The fall of Mussolini
259
iii The making of the Armistice
263
The German Occupation
275
ii Allied bombing
277
iii The Jews of Rome
288
iv The Ardeatine caves
289
v The interval between occupations
290
vi The escape line
291
Aftermath
301
Select bibliography
318
Index
323
Copyright

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About the author (1988)

Michelle Knudsen is the author of the New York Times best-selling picture book Library Lion, illustrated by Kevin Hawkes; Argus, illustrated by Andréa Wesson; and the fantasy novels The Dragon of Trelian and The Princess of Trelian. She lives in Brooklyn, New York.

Scott Magoon has illustrated several books for children, including If Waffles Were Like Boys by Charise Mericle Harper and Otto: The Boy Who Loved Cars by Kara LaReau. Scott Magoon lives near Boston, Massachusetts.

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