Caudillos: Dictators in Spanish America

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Hugh M. Hamill
University of Oklahoma Press, Jan 1, 1992 - History - 373 pages
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All societies have had personalist leaders. There is little dispute, however, that Spanish American caudillos have been more numerous and more pervasive than such leaders in other regions. Further, while the words caudillo and caudillismo are variants of dictator and dictatorship, they have a special resonance that suggests the unique political environment of Spanish America. It can be argued that a caudillo is able to achieve legitimacy within the established value system, whereas a dictator depends primarily on force to sustain power and is, therefore, illegitimate. Definition often depends upon whether one favors or opposes a particular authoritarian leader. In this major revision of the Borzoi Book Dictatorship in Spanish America, editor Hugh Hamill has presented conflicting interpretations of caudillismo in twenty-seven essays written by an international group of historians, anthropologists, sociologists, political scientists, journalists, and caudillos themselves. The theoretical arguments in Hamill's introduction and the first five chapters are followed by twenty-two chronologically arranged essays on individual caudillos. The selections represent revisionists, apologists, enemies, and even a victim of caudillos. The personalities discussed include the Mexican priest Miguel Hidalgo, the Argentinian gaucho Facundo Quiroga, the Guatemalan Rafael Carrera, the Colombian Rafael Nunez, Mexico's Porfirio Diaz, the Somoza family of Nicaragua, the Dominican "Benefactor" Rafael Trujillo, the Argentinians Juan Peron and his wife Evita, Paraguay's Alfredo Stroessner--called "The Tyrannosaur, " Chile's Augusto Pinochet, and Cuba's Fidel Castro. The reader emerges with a heightened awareness of the almost infinite varieties of caudillismo and of the complex culture in which this controversial Spanish American phenomenon is to be found. Photographs of the caudillos accompany the text.
 

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Contents

Francois Chevalier
27
Glen Caudill Dealy
42
Richard M Morse
72
Peter H Smith
87
Hugh M Hamill
99
Domingo F Sarmiento
107
E Bradford Burns
115
Jane M Rausch
131
Rafael L Trujillo Molina
218
Jesus de Galindez
234
Howard J Wiarda and Michael J Kryzanek
246
Alain Rouquie
257
Marysa Navarro
270
Fernando N A Cue villas
285
Lee Lockwood
292
Maurice Halperin
316

Roger M Haigh
145
Francisco Bilbao
155
Carlos Octavio Bunge
168
John J Johnson
195
Lyle N McAlister
205
Genaro Arriagada Herrera
325
James D Cockcroft
335
Further Reading
349
Index
359
Copyright

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About the author (1992)

Hugh Hamill is Professor Emeritus of History at the University of Connecticut. He is author of The Hidalgo Revolt: Prelude to Mexican Independence.

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