Crimes and Punishments Under Islamic Law
This is an apt publication for modern times, in which 'Sharia' has become a byword for an unacceptable social system, and is vilified as such; when crime is rife in communities governed by Sharia; and when in the non-Islamic West, the Islamic social and criminal justice systems are subject to intense public scrutiny and criticism, but remain little understood. The author presents a clear and factual account of the Islamic criminal justice system, expounding what he considers to be the real issues of Sharia, often ignored or misrepresented by both Islamic and Western scholars, and explaining its wider Islamic context and ethics, its Arabic roots, classical heritage and terminology, and its relevance to contemporary Muslim societies. Contents: concept of crime; features of Islamic criminal liability; defences to Islamic criminal liability; 'Hudud' crimes; 'Zina' - adultery or fornication; 'Qadhf' - slander or false accusation; 'Hadd' offence of 'al-sariqa' - theft; 'Hadd' offence of 'shurbul khamr' - wine drinking; 'Hiraba' - brigandage or highway armed robbery; 'Riddah' - apostasy; 'Baghye' - rebellion or treason; 'Qisas - retaliation; 'Ta'azir' punishment.
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Conditions on the part of the Maqzuf the slandered person
Hadd offence of shurbul khamr wine drinking
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80 lashes accused Adh-Dhahabi Ahmad al-Arabia al-Baghye al-Mughni Allah American Trust Publications Ammar apostasy apostate azir punishment Beirut blood money Caliph Chapter 24 Chapter 4 verse confession culprit damages death sentence deterrent Dhimmi dinar Diyyah El-Awa flogging following Quranic verse Hadd punishment Hadith Hanbali schools hand Hannafi Hiraba Holy Prophet S.A.W. Holy Qur'an homicide Hudud Ibid Ibn Hazm Ibn Qudamah Imam Abu Hanifa Imam Malik inflicted injury insane person intoxication Islamic criminal Islamic Law judge jurists Karim Khan killed Lahore Pakistan Law Publishing Lebanon liable Maliki School maqzuf married murder Muslim Naseef Nisab offence penalty prescribed prohibited punished by Hadd Punishment in Islamic Qazih Qisas religion repentance retaliation retribution Riddah right of Allah robbers Sahih al-Bukhari sane says sexual Shafi'i and Hanbali Shafi'i School Sharia slander stolen property Sunnah Ta'azir theft thief tort Umar verse No compulsion Waliullah wine drinking witnesses woman Zahiri Zahiri schools Zina