Crucifixion: In the Ancient World and the Foll of the Message of the Cross

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Fortress Press, Jan 1, 1977 - Religion - 112 pages

In a comprehensive and detailed survey on its remarkably widespread employment in the Roman empire, Dr. Hengel examines the way in which "the most vile death of the cross" was regarded in the Greek-speaking world and particularly in Roman-occupied Palestine.
His conclusions bring out more starkly than ever the offensiveness of the Christian message: Jesus not only died an unspeakably cruel death, he underwent the most contemptible abasement that could be imagined. So repugnant was the gruesome reality, that a natural tendency prevails to blunt, remove, or deomesticate its scandalous impact. Yet any discussion of a "theology of the cross" must be preceded by adequate comprehension of both the nature and extent of this scandal.

 

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Contents

The Folly of the Crucified Son of God
1
Prometheus and Dionysus the Crucified and the Crucifying God
11
Docetism as a Way of Removing the Folly of the Cross
15
Crucifixion as a Barbaric Form of Execution of the Utmost Cruelty
22
Crucifixion as the Supreme Roman Penalty
33
Crucifixion and Roman Citizens
39
Crucifixion as a Penalty for Rebellious Foreigners Violent Criminals and Robbers
46
The Slaves Punishment
51
The Crucified National Martyr and Metaphorical and Philosophical Terminology
64
Crucifixion in the GreekSpeaking World
69
Crucifixion among the Jews
84
Summary
86
BIBLIOGRAPHY
91
INDEX OF ANCIENT AUTHORS
95
INDEX OF MODERN SCHOLARS
97
Copyright

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About the author (1977)

Martin Hengel is Emeritus Professor of New Testament and Early Judaism at the University of Tübingen, Germany. Among his many important books are Judaism and Hellenism (1974), Between Jesus and Paul (1983), Crucifixion (1977), The Atonement (1981), and Property and Riches in the Early Church (1974), all published by Fortress Press.

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