Defining the Nonprofit Sector: A Cross-national Analysis
Lester M. Salamon, Helmut K. Anheier
Manchester University Press, 1997 - Nonprofit organizations - 526 pages
The growth of the non-profit, voluntary or third sector has been widely recognized throughout the world. This text seeks to provide a definition and a common classification of the non-profit sector, while recognizing the great diversity of voluntarism internationally. The remainder of the text is devoted to country-by-country definitions of the sector in 13 representative states from the developed, developing and post-socialist worlds. Among the countries covered are: USA, UK, France, Germany, Japan, India, Brazil, Egypt and Hungary. The study demonstrates that the division of societies into public and private is too simplistic, and that a third sector with its own characteristic features and dynamics has already emerged as a powerful force in the global economy.
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Toward a common definition Lester M
Toward a common classification
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activities agencies Anheier basic benefit borderline Brazil Catholic central century Chapter charitable charitable organizations Charity Commission Church Church of Sweden Civil Code clubs concept cooperatives corporations Council countries cultural defined donations economic emerged entities established example exemption exist federal for-profit formal foundations funds German Ghana groups Helmut Hungary ICNPO ideell important income tax incorporated independent India industrial institutions ISIC Islamic Japan koeki hojin labor membership ment Ministry movement mutual NGOs nizations nonprofit organizations nonprofit sector NPOs operate orga percent philanthropy profit sector promote public law purposes registered regulations religious role Salamon schools self-governing social economy social services social welfare society status Stockholm structural-operational definition structure subsidiarity Sweden Swedish tax-exempt Thailand tions trade unions traditional trusts types of nonprofit types of organizations voluntarism voluntary associations voluntary organizations voluntary sector