Deinstitutionalisation and After: Post-War Psychiatry in the Western World

Front Cover
Despo Kritsotaki, Vicky Long, Matthew Smith
Springer, Nov 29, 2016 - History - 297 pages
The book relates the history of post-war psychiatry, focusing on deinstitutionalisation, namely the shift from asylum to community in the second part of the twentieth century.
After the Second World War, psychiatry and mental health care were reshaped by deinstitutionalisation. But what exactly was involved in this process? What were the origins of deinstitutionalisation and what did it mean to those who experienced it? What were the ramifications, both positive and negative, of such a fundamental shift in psychiatric care? Post-War Psychiatry in the Western World: Deinstitutionalisation and After seeks to answer these questions by exploring this momentous change in mental health care from 1945 to the present in a wide range of geographical settings. The book articulates a nuanced account of the history of deinstitutionalisation, highlighting the constraints and inconsistencies inherent in treating the mentally ill outside of the asylum, while seeking to inform current debates about how to help the most vulnerable members of society.
 

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Contents

Introduction Deinstitutionalisation and the Pathways of PostWar Psychiatry in the Western World
1
Understanding Deinstitutionalisation Culture Ideology and Historiography
37
Deinstitutionalisation and the Great Sociocultural Shift to Consumer Culture
39
All the Fits Thats News to Print Deinstitutionalisation and AntiPsychiatric Movement Magazines in the United States 19701986
57
After the Asylum in Canada Surviving Deinstitutionalisation and Revising History
75
Designing and Implementing Psychiatric Reform Experiments Opportunities and Oppositions
96
Islands of Reform Early Transformation of the Mental Health Service in Lower Saxony Germany in the 1960s
99
French Deinstitutionalisation or the Irony of Success Psychiatrists the State and the Transformation of the French Psychiatric System 19452010
115
New Conceptualisations of Therapy and Space
173
Child Guidance and Deinstitutionalisation in PostWar Britain
175
Do You Have a Frog to Guide You? Exploring the Asylum Spaces of R D Laing
194
After Deinstitutionalisation Experiences Challenges and Legacies
214
The Basaglian Legacy in Italian Psychiatry Remembering MythMaking and Crystallising
215
A Mental Health System in Recovery The Era of Deinstitutionalisation in California
241
Callan Park in Transition
266
Index
289

Integration in a Divided World Salford Community Mental Health Services 19481974
134
Initiating Deinstitutionalisation Early Attempts of Mental Health Care Reform in Greece 1950s1970s
155

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About the author (2016)

Despo Kritsotaki is a historian of mental health and healthcare in twentieth-century Greece.
Vicky Long is Senior Lecturer in History at Glasgow Caledonian University, UK.
Matthew Smith is Professor of Health History at the University of Strathclyde, UK.

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