Desert Shield at Sea: What the Navy Really Did

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 1999 - History - 265 pages
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Naval forces have not yet received the attention they are due for their role in Operation Desert Shield. This chronological account offers a unique, and as yet, unseen level of detail regarding the Navy's contribution throughout the operation. Relying on primary sources whenever possible, this book discusses naval decisions in terms of information available to decision-makers at the time and presents the pros and cons for alternative courses of action, as argued at the time of the original decision. It details the Navy's role in planning for successful operations, its constant vigil against surprise attack, and its daily contribution to the maritime interception effort to enforce U.N. economic sanctions against Iraq.

Naval forces upheld the sanctions at sea in such a way as to avoid disabling a civilian ship and provided the glue that helped create and maintain the multi-national coalition. The complexity of the situation required the naval forces to adapt their command and control to a highly centralized operation which placed unprecedented demands on the Navy's communications systems. This study provides an insider view of the various plans, even those that were not carried out, and valuable insights into the personalities of the leading officials. Sources include first-hand observations of the events at ComUSNavCent, where the author had access to nearly all events and decisions; hundreds of thousands of messages and other briefing materials; the post-war analysis done by the Center for Naval Analyses; and interviews with almost all of the key players.


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This Will Not Stand
Selection of ComUSNavCent
After the False Start
Air Power
Amphibious Forces
Preparations for Defensive War 18 September 8 November
The Situation
Amphibious Exercises
Preparations for Offensive War 9 November16 January
The Price of Poker Goes Up
Maritime Interception Operations The Paperwork War
Preparations for Amphibious Warfare
Preparations for Air Warfare
Countdown to War

Tightening the Noose
Air Plans and Operations

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Page 4 - Immediate, complete, and unconditional withdrawal of all Iraqi forces from Kuwait; Restoration of Kuwait's legitimate government; Security and stability of Saudi Arabia and the Persian Gulf; and Safety and protection of the lives of American citizens abroad.
Page 248 - Joint CNA/DIA Research Memorandum 93-49. . TLAM Performance during Operation Desert Storm: Assessment of Physical and Functional Damage to the TLAM Aimpoints, Volume ĦI: Leadership and C3 Targets, March 1994.
Page 5 - JCS translated these political aims into four military objectives: • Develop a defensive capability in the Persian Gulf region to deter Saddam Hussein from further attacks • Defend Saudi Arabia effectively if deterrence failed • Build a militarily effective coalition and integrate coalition forces into operational plans • Enforce the economic sanctions prescribed by UN Security Council Resolutions.
Page xx - CTF Commander, Task Force CTG Commander, Task Group CTU Commander, Task Unit...

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About the author (1999)

MARVIN POKRANT has been a military operations research analyst for more than 20 years./e After joining the Center for Naval Analyses, he had field tours with Commander-in-Chief Pacific Fleet, Commander Third Fleet, and Commander Seventh Fleet. After Desert Storm, Dr. Pokrant coordinated CNA's reconstruction of Desert Shield and Desert Storm with the Seventh Fleet staff. Later, as Director of CNA's Fleet Tactics and Capabilities Program from 1992 to 1994, he oversaw many follow-on analyses of issues raised during Desert Storm. Dr. Pokrant is now retired.

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