Development Projects as Policy Experiments: An Adaptive Approach to Development Administration
International assistance programmes for developing countries are in urgent need of revision. Continuous testing and verification is required if development activity is to cope effectively with the uncertainty and complexity of the development process. This examines the alternatives and offers an approach which focuses on strategic planning, administrative procedures that facilitate innovation, responsiveness and experimentation, and on decision-making processes that join learning with action. A useful text for academics and practitioners in development studies, geography and sociology.
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ability achieve action activities adaptive administrative agencies agricultural analysis approach appropriate areas argued attempts basic beneficiaries benefits capacity capital carry central changes complex costs created decisions demonstration detailed developing countries developing nations development policies development projects early economic growth effective evaluation experience experimental foreign formulate funding goals groups human implementation important improve income increase industrial initial innovations institutions interests international assistance investment lack leaders learning less levels limited loans major ment methods national planning needs noted objectives officials operating organizations participation pilot planners planning pointed policies political poor population poverty problems procedures production programs promoting proposals reforms responsive rural development sector social staff strategies structural adjustment studies success technical techniques theories uncertainty UNDP United urban USAID World Bank