Emilie du Châtelet between Leibniz and Newton

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Ruth Hagengruber
Springer Science & Business Media, Oct 29, 2011 - Philosophy - 256 pages
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Emilie du Châtelet was one of the most influential philosophers of the Enlightenment. Her writings on natural philosophy, physics and mechanics had a decisive impact on the important scientific debates of the 18th century.

Most notably, she took a novel and distinctive position in one of the fundamental scientific discourses of the day, the controversy between Newton and Leibniz.

The contributors to this volume focus on du Châtelet's synthesis of Newtonian and Leibnitian philosophy. The contributions presented here combine to confirm the work of this exceptional philosopher as an essential contribution to the mediation between empiricist and rationalist positions in the history of science.

 

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Contents

The Transformation of Metaphysics
1
In the Spirit of Leibniz Two Approaches from 1742
61
Emilie du Châtelet and Samuel Clarke
76
Sancti Bernoulli orate pro nobis Emilie du Châtelets Rediscovered Essai sur loptique and Her Relation to the Mathematicians from Basel
97
Leonhard Euler and Emilie du Châtelet On the PostNewtonian Development of Mechanics
113
A Heresy? Emilie du Châtelets Institutions in the Context of the Vis Viva Controversy
156
From Translation to Philosophical Discourse Emilie du Châtelets Commentaries on Newton and Leibniz
173
Emilie du Châtelet a Bibliography
207
About the Authors
247
Index
250
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About the author (2011)

Ruth Hagengruber holds a chair in Philosophy at the University Paderborn, where she is head of the research areas History of Women Philosophers and Scientists and Philosophy and Computing Science. She studied Philosophy and History of Natural Sciences, with a concentration in the History of Geometry at the Ludwig-Maximilian-University in Munich. She received her Master’s degree with a thesis on Plato’s Symposium, her Ph.D. deals with Renaissance Metaphysics and Mathematics in the philosophy of Tommaso Campanella, Academia 1994. Ruth Hagengruber earned a certificate in Economics and wrote on Nutzen und Allgemeinheit. Zu einigen grundlegenden Problemen der Praktischen Philosophie, Academia 2000. Since 2001 she has been engaged in research in the area of Philosophy and Computation Science, documented also in Philosophy’s Relevance in Information and Computing Science, Springer 2011. She is editor and author of several books and essays contributing to the History of Women in Philosophy, as Von Diana zu Minerva. Philosophierende Aristokratinnen des 17. Und 18. Jahrhunderts, 2010 Akademie; Klassische Philosophische Texte von Frauen. Texte vom 14. Bis zum 20. Jahrhundert, Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag 19982 et al.; Major contributions on Emilie Du Châtelet, Edith Stein, on the idea of a history of women philosophers from ancient times up to now. Currently she is preparing a textbook on women philosophers and is focusing on Economic Aspects in Political Philosophy, incorporating the writings of women philosophers in her research.

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