Europe Since 1870: An International History
'Europe Since 1870' provides a broad synthesis of a long and crowded period of history; a time of confusion and contradiction whose main themes have been provided by great mass movements - liberalism, imperialism, fascism, communism. It is an era that has been dominated by two conflicting concepts - national self-determination and European unity. Professor Joll places these factors in their historical and chronological context and assesses the impact of the intellectual and artistic movements of the period within their political and ideological framework. In particular, he stresses the pre-1914 origins of most of the movements that have influenced the course of contemporary history and demonstrates that, despite the apparent breaks caused by world wars and the communist and fascist revolutions, the European experience has been essentially one of continuity.
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Allies American anti-Semitism army artists attack attempt Austria Austria—Hungary became belief Bismarck Bolshevik Britain British Catholic colonial Comintern Communist Party conﬁdence conﬂict conservative countries crisis criticism Czech Czechoslovakia defeat demand difﬁculties doctrine economic effect elections empire especially Europe European Fascist ﬁeld ﬁghting ﬁgure ﬁnal ﬁnally ﬁnancial ﬁnd ﬁrst forced foreign France French German Germany’s Hitler hope Hungarian Hungary ideas imperial important independent industrial inﬂuence inﬂuential intellectual Italian Italy Jews labour leaders Lenin liberal London Marx’s mass Mensheviks ment military mobilisation movement Mussolini nationalist Nazis nineteenth century ofﬁce ofﬁcial organisation Paris parliament parliamentary peace peasants Poland political Prime Minister problems programme proletariat radical realised reform regime Reichstag Republic result revolution revolutionary Russian scientiﬁc seemed Serbia Social Democratic Party Socialist Party society Soviet Union success territory tion trade unions treaty twentieth century votes Walther Rathenau Western workers