Europe's First Farmers
Plants and animals originally domesticated in the Near East arrived in Europe between 7,000 and 4,000 BC. Was the new technology introduced by migrants, or was it an 'inside job'? How were the new species adapted to European conditions? What were the immediate and long-term consequences of the transition from hunting and gathering to farming? These central questions in the prehistory of Europe are discussed here by leading specialists, drawing on the latest scholarship in fields as diverse as genetics and IndoEuropean linguistics.
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14C dates adoption agriculturalists Ammerman appear artifacts assemblages Balkans basin blade Bogucki bone BP charcoal burial Cardial Castelnovian cattle Cavalli-Sforza cave central Europe ceramics changes Chapman coastal colonization communities complex context Danube Gorges demic diffusion Dennell domesticated plants Dourgne earliest Neolithic Early Neolithic Early Neolithic sites eastern economy Ertebolle Estremadura evidence excavated exchange farmers farming faunal foragers frontier groups Hoguette hunter-gatherers hunting Impressed Ware indicate indigenous interaction Ireland La Hoguette Late Mesolithic layers Lepenski Vir Linear Pottery Linear Pottery culture lithic long barrows material culture megalithic megalithic tombs Mesolithic and Neolithic microliths north-central Europe northern pattern period phase plants and animals polished population Portugal production radiocarbon dates recent region Rowley-Conwy Sauveterrian Scandinavia Schela sedentary shell-middens social southeast Europe southern Scandinavia Srejovic Starcevo stone subsistence suggest Sweden tion tombs transition to agriculture Tringham valley volume western Mediterranean Zilhao zone Zvelebil
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