Feminist Theory and International Relations in a Postmodern Era
This book evaluates the major debates around which the discipline of international relations has developed in the light of contemporary feminist theories.
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This write up by Christine Sylvester, is a part of a project on gender, culture and globalization. It compares development studies and post colonial studies.
The writer says that one field begins where the other field refuses to look into. It points out the collusion between the two, at many stages. Nevertheless, there do exist conversing in the diverging tendencies by breaking the confinement of each domain. It corroborates and gives citations many well known authorities on the issues like poverty, resource distribution, political and academic influences, Western World prosperity as well as an empirical history
Christine quotes heterogeneity and contingencies about development studies, post colonial brotherhood and confrontation in knowledge analysis, puts forward logic of relatedness between study of post colonial and post modernism, discussion on KWAME ANTHONY APPIAH study in Africa prevalent with economic decline, poverty, war, disease and unfavorable political situation.
Christine presses upon that Professional Study began in 1950 around themes of decolonization, rationality and development and the western enlightenment.
At the end of Second World War, even the influence of nuclear age could not stop political independence towards economic independence. Irrational notions and values which used to prevail in the liberated colonies were being treated having diminishing values as the voluntary acceptance of the industrial way of life.
The modernization approach, American contribution, has been the modus operandi in 1940 by extending Aid Programs expecting quick results in underdeveloped countries like India.
The era of 1970 is treated as an era of political independence and redistribution of recourses. Neo-Marxist perceived it, a revolution in capitalist system and structuralized link to political change.
Neil Smith described the period as an alteration in globalization. There were reforms in the public sector economy. Loans were given to third world and seen as a contribution to neo-liberal development craze.
The Keynesian and Buddhist was tracing a solution at grass roots and feminist problems.
The writer quotes own research in Zimbabwe on the feminist problem and said that it was found that the alternative agents have not been successful and third world people have been thinking modernization by using consumer goods, computers, cars and telephones as the symbols. The post colonial studies had created challenges in the third world at prices, gender, relation, governance practices currency rates, and capitalism etc.
In the global structures, to find out a possible solution in native issues outside European genealogy.
Imaginative literature from Common Wealth Countries came up and moved to the valorization and hybridism in literature and physical attainment. Universities played an important role; average rural people stood up and changed the thinking patterns. Many writers are grafting in literatures. Conversing and diverging tendencies pushed studies to macro economy’s direction. Western oil companies took the plea of national interest which have been protested.
Christine well puts facts and ideas in chronological order of explaining internal problems, reactions of people, clandestine interest and strategies of the Western World Comprehension of write up could is possible with full background knowledge of subject matter. There is a flow of ideas in irrespective grammar.
contestations and elIephants
Sketches of feminisms first wave in anticipation
The early field of IR musings assertions debates
The second debate in ir revisited by feminists
The third debate in IR visited by feminists
Feminist homesteadings of security and cooperation