Cambridge University Press, Mar 6, 2014 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 260 pages
This lively introduction to figurative language explains a broad range of concepts, including metaphor, metonymy, simile, and blending, and develops new tools for analyzing them. It coherently grounds the linguistic understanding of these concepts in basic cognitive mechanisms such as categorization, frames, mental spaces, and viewpoint; and it fits them into a consistent framework which is applied to cross-linguistic data and also to figurative structures in gesture and the visual arts. Comprehensive and practical, the book includes analyses of figurative uses of both word meanings and linguistic constructions. • Provides definitions of major concepts • Offers in-depth analyses of examples, exploring multiple levels of complexity • Surveys figurative structures in different discourse genres • Helps students to connect figurative usage with the conceptual underpinnings of language • Goes beyond English to explore cross-linguistic and cross-modal data
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abstract analysis anger argued aspects Aymara basic Bohr model Chapter choice cognitive linguistic cognitive science complex conceptual metaphor Construction Grammar construe context conventional copula constructions crosslinguistic crucial cultural Dancygier depends described discourse discussed emergent English speakers entity example experience expressions Fauconnier and Turner figurative construals figurative language figurative meaning frame metonymy frames evoked front of Ego gesture Grim Reaper human idea image schemas important inferences interaction involved Jonathan Raban journey kind Kuuk Thaayorre label levels of schematicity lexical literal Location ESM mental spaces metaphoric construal metaphoric mappings models motion moving nature noun objects participant particular path patterns person pervasive physical polysemy predicative Primary Metaphors primary scenes processes projection readers refer relations relationship rely represent role salient semantic shared simile situation someone source domain spatial specific structure subcase Sweetser talk target domain temporal Theory understanding usage verb viewer viewpoint visual words