Guns & governance in the Rift Valley: pastoralist conflict & small arms
Recent estimates indicate that more than 640 million small arms and 16 billion rounds of ammunition circulate the globe yearly. In North East Africa and the Rift Valley, the flow of arms has been particularly heavy and has led to the escalation of banditry, cattle rustling, raiding, and ethnic conflict. The impact small arms have on the area, according to Kennedy Agade Mkutu, is a symptom of the failure of states to govern and of superficial programs that focus simply on disarmament. In this hard-hitting book, Mkutu brings together all the issues affecting the arms trade, from the regulation of international arms sales to regional efforts to improve security, community involvement, and economic development. He cites cultural changes to the legacy of pastoral violence in the region as key ingredients in stemming the disastrous spread of small arms.
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Acholi administration Alale ammunition Amudat animals April arms and light Arms flows army August Baragoi Bokora border bullets cattle raids cattle rustling CMOCs colonial cost cows Daily Monitor Daily Nation disarmament District Commissioner Dodoth Dol Dol drought East African Standard economic elders Ethiopia February Focus group forces former Goats/Sheep guns Home Guards hospital increased injuries insecurity Interview Iteso January June Kampala Kanawat Kapenguria Karamoja Karimojong Karita Katakwi Kenya and Uganda Kenya Police killed Kitale Kotido kraal leaders Laikipia LDUs light weapons livelihood livestock Lord's Resistance Army Marakwet Maralal Matany Matheniko Mkutu Moroto Moroto District Nairobi Nakapiripirit Nakapiripirit District Namalu name withheld neighbouring NGOs North Rift noted November officers pastoral areas pastoral conflict pastoralists problem Programme racketeers raiders region route Samburu September 2002 small arms soldiers Somalia sources SPLA stolen Sudan Toposa trade Turkana UPDF vigilantes violence warriors weapons collection West Pokot women