Evidence is accumulating that in many contemporary work environments people are literally working themselves to death. But what do we really know about job-related stress and illness? Based on a ten-year study of nearly five thousand workers, this path-breaking book by a distinguished industrial engineer and sociologist and a specialist in industrial medicine identifies a clear connection between work-related illness and workers' lack of participation in the design and outcome of their labors.
Health Productivity and Work Life
The Psychosocial Work Environment
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active air traffic controllers alexithymia associated atherosclerosis autonomous work groups blood pressure blue-collar workers catabolic catecholamine challenges chapter cholesterol conventional coronary heart disease correlation cortisol costs decision authority demand/control model discussed economic effects employees engineers environmental example feedback figure findings goal heart disease HIGH Psychological Demands illness impact important increased individual interaction job change job characteristics job conditions job demands job enrichment job redesign job strain job stress Karasek labor learning leisure levels low decision latitude major males measures myocardial infarction nomic occupational health organization organizational output participation percent personality physical exertion physiological political predict problems production professionals psychological strain psychosocial job psychosocial work environment response result risk factors role scale self-reported situations skill discretion social support Stockholm strategies stress-related stressors studies supervisor Sweden Swedish symptoms task technologies Theorell theory tion tional unions United Value well-being workplace