Hidden Histories of Gender and the State in Latin America

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Elizabeth Dore, Professor of Sociology at the Institute of Latin American Studies Maxine Molyneux, Maxine Molyneux
Duke University Press, 2000 - History - 381 pages
This collection examines the mutually influential interactions of gender and the state in Latin America from the late colonial period to the end of the twentieth century. Locating watershed moments in the processes of gender construction by the organized power of the ruling classes and in the processes by which gender has conditioned state-making, Hidden Histories of Gender and the State in Latin America remedies the lack of such considerations in previous studies of state formation.
Along these lines, the book begins with two theoretical chapters by the editors, Elizabeth Dore and Maxine Molyneux. Dore opens by arguing against the prevailing view that the nineteenth century was marked by a gradual emancipation of women, while Molyneux considers how various Latin American state forms—liberal, corporatist, socialist, neoliberal—have more recently sought to incorporate women into their projects of social reform and modernization. These essays are followed by twelve case studies that examine how states have contributed to the normalization of male and female roles and relations. Covering an impressive breadth not only of historical time but also of geographical scope, this volume moves from Brazil to Costa Rica, from Mexico to Chile, traversing many countries in between. Contributors explore such topics as civic ritual in Bolivia, rape in war-torn Colombia, and the legal construction of patriarchy in Argentina. They examine the public regulation of domestic life, feminist lobby groups, class compromise, female slaves, and women in rural households—distinct, salient aspects of the state-gender relationship in specific countries at specific historical junctures.
By providing a richly descriptive and theoretically grounded account of the interaction between state and gender politics in Latin America, this volume contributes to an important conversation between feminists interested in the state and political scientists interested in gender. It will be valuable to such disciplines as history, sociology, international comparative studies, and Latin American studies.

Contributors. María Eugenia Chaves, Elizabeth Dore, Rebecca Earle, Jo Fisher, Laura Gotkowitz, Donna J. Guy, Fiona Macaulay, Maxine Molyneux, Eugenia Rodriguez, Karin Alejandra Rosemblatt, Ann Varley, Mary Kay Vaughan

 

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Contents

Gender and the State in the Long Nineteenth Century
3
TwentiethCentury State Formations in Latin America
33
II Case Studies
83
Civilizing Domestic Life in the Central Valley of Costa Rica 17501850
85
Colonial State
108
Revolutionary Colombia 18101830
127
The Legal Construction of Patriarchy in Argentina
172
State Policies Rural Households and Women in Mexico 19301940
194
Women and the Home in Mexican Family Law
238
State Building and Class Compromise in PopularFront Chile
262
The Federation de Mujeres Cubanas
291
The Case of the Sindicato de Amas de Casa
322
A Study of a Brazilian Feminist Lobby Group
346
Contributors
369
Index
371
Copyright

Gender and Civic Ritual in EarlyTwentiethCentury Bolivia
215

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About the author (2000)

Elizabeth Dore is Reader in Latin American History at the University of Southampton. She is the author of The Peruvian Mining Industry: Growth, Stagnation, and Crisis and editor of Gender Politics in Latin America: Debates in Theory and Practice.

Maxine Molyneux is Professor of Sociology, Institute of Latin American Studies, University of London. She is the author of State Policies and the Position of Women in the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen, 1967-77.

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