Human Rights and Gender Violence: Translating International Law into Local Justice
Human rights law and the legal protection of women from violence are still fairly new concepts. As a result, substantial discrepancies exist between what is decided in the halls of the United Nations and what women experience on a daily basis in their communities. Human Rights and Gender Violence is an ambitious study that investigates the tensions between global law and local justice.
As an observer of UN diplomatic negotiations as well as the workings of grassroots feminist organizations in several countries, Sally Engle Merry offers an insider's perspective on how human rights law holds authorities accountable for the protection of citizens even while reinforcing and expanding state power. Providing legal and anthropological perspectives, Merry contends that human rights law must be framed in local terms to be accepted and effective in altering existing social hierarchies. Gender violence in particular, she argues, is rooted in deep cultural and religious beliefs, so change is often vehemently resisted by the communities perpetrating the acts of aggression.
A much-needed exploration of how local cultures appropriate and enact international human rights law, this book will be of enormous value to students of gender studies and anthropology alike.
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CHAPTER TWO Creating Human Rights
CHAPTER THREE Gender Violence and the CEDAW Process
CHAPTER FOUR Disjunctures between Global Law and Local Justice
Making Human Rights in the Vernacular
CHAPTER SIX Localizing Human Rights and Rights Consciousness
CHAPTER SEVEN Conclusions
activists Beijing Plus Five bulubulu CEDAW Committee Chan Cheng China Chinese civil claims colonial concepts conference consensus context convention court cultural practices custom delegates developed discussion documents domestic violence economic eliminate elites ethnic example experts female genital cutting female inheritance feminist Fiji Fijian focused framework funding gender equality gender violence global global North Heung Yee Kuk Hindu Hong Kong honor killings human rights ideas human rights system human rights violations husband important India indigenous women Indo-Fijians international human rights interview 2003 issues language leaders Linda Wong marriage meetings ment movement Muslim NGO representatives organizations participate percent personal laws police political problem programs promote protection rape ratified reform religious role rural sexual social service special rapporteurs status tion tional traditional transnational treaty UNIFEM uniform civil code urban victim village violence against women woman women's groups women's rights
Page 1966 - violence against women" means any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life.
Page 1983 - Gender-based violence and all forms of sexual harassment and exploitation, Including those resulting from cultural prejudice and international trafficking, are incompatible with the dignity and worth of the human person, and must be eliminated.
Page 1969 - States should condemn violence against women and should not invoke any custom, tradition or religious consideration to avoid their obligations with respect to its elimination.