I Am He: The Interpretation of A̓n H ̓in Jewish and Early Christian Literature

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Mohr Siebeck, 2000 - Religion - 408 pages
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New Testament scholars often claim that the interpretative key to Jesus' pronouncement of the words ego eimi in the Gospel of John lies in the use of this phrase in the Septuagint of Isaiah to render the Hebrew expression 'ani hu' . While previous studies have paid particular attention to the New Testament usage of ego eimi, Catrin H. Williams sets this evidence within a broader framework by offering a detailed analysis of the interpretation of 'ani hu' in biblical and Jewish traditions. She examines the role of 'ani hu' as a succinct expression of God's claim to exclusiveness in the Song of Moses and the poetry of Deutero-Isaiah, and attempts to reconstruct its later interpretative history from the substantial body of evidence preserved in the Aramaic Targumim and several midrashic traditions. Biblical 'ani hu' declarations are cited by rabbinic authorities as proof-texts against a variety of heretical claims, particularly the 'two powers' heresy, but new 'ani hu' formulations, not necessarily confined to divine speeches, are also attested. In the concluding chapters Catrin H. Williams considers the role of 'ani hu' when seeking to interpret Jesus' utterance of the words ego eimi in Synoptic and Johannine traditions.
 

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Contents

The Hebrew Bible and Rin
15
Textual Traditions and Ancient Versions
55
The Interpretation of Kin MKnJK in the Targumim
86
Rabbinic Interpretations of Kin The Use of Deut 3239
114
Rabbinic Interpretations of Kin 3K SelfDeclarations by
157
The Eternal Steadfastness of God
166
Concluding Remarks
177
The Interpretation of eyw eiai in the Gospel of Mark
214
The Interpretation of eyw elm in the Gospel of John
255
Summary and Conclusions
304
Bibliography
311
Index of Authors
363
Index of References
371
Index of Subjects
403
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About the author (2000)

Catrin H Williams, Born 1964; 1985 B.A. in Biblical Studies at the University of Wales, Bangor; 1996 Ph.D. University of Cambridge; since 1988 lecturer in New Testament Studies at the University of Wales , Bangor.

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