Indian Philosophy and Philosophy of Science
Project of History of Indian Science, Philosophy and Culture , Centre for Studies in Civilizations, Jan 1, 2005 - Hindu logic - 268 pages
Philosophy Of Science Draws Upon Different Traditions In Western Philosophy, Starting From The Ancient Greek. However, There Is A Conspicuous Absence Of Non-Western Philosophical Traditions, Including The Indian, In Philosophy Of Science. This Book Argues That Indian Rational Traditions Such As Indian Logic, Drawn From Both Buddhist And Nyaya Philosophies, Are Not Only Relevant For Philosophy Of Science But Are Also Intrinsically Concerned With Scientific Methodology. It Also Suggests That The Indian Logical Traditions Can Be Understood As Requiring That Logic Itself Be Scientific. This Explains Their Engagement With Ideas Such As Valid Inference, Invariable Concomitance, The Use Of The Empirical In Logical Analysis, The Move From Observations To Statements About These Observations And So On. The Essential Relation Between Some Indian Philosophical Traditions And Science Is Further Illustrated By The Semiotic Character Of Indian Logic, Its Explanatory Structures Which Are Similar To Those Of Scientific Explanations, Indian Theories Of Knowledge And Truth, The Pragmatic Nature Of Truth And Its Relation To Action Which Is Essential To Nyaya And To Science, And Finally The Importance Of The Effability Thesis Which Is Central To Nyaya, Bhartrhari And Modern Science. The Book Introduces The Reader To Important Themes In Indian Logic, Epistemology And Philosophy Of Language As Well As Philosophy Of Science. Relationships Between These Various Traditions Are Also Explored Thereby Suggesting How Indian Philosophy Can Engage With Contemporary Philosophy Of Science. This Introductory Book Will Be Valuable For Students, Professional Philosophers As Well As Those Interested In Indian Philosophy And Its Significance To Contemporary Thought.
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ampliative inference analysis arbitrary symbols argue argument arise basic belief Bhartrhari Buddhist causal cause chapter characteristics claim cognition common concepts concerned confirmation context counterfactuals debate deductive defined definition Descartes described Dharmakirti Dignaga's discussed DN model effability empirical entities epistemology essential example fallacies five-step process formulation generalisations Greek hypothesis Ibid idea important Indian logic Indian logicians Indian mathematics Indian philosophy inductive inference inferential inferred property issues kind of inference language laws locus mathematics Matilal notes meaning Mill's methods modern science Mohanty Naiyayikas non-perception notion Nyaya object observation particular Peirce perception philosophical traditions philosophy of language philosophy of science possible pramana problem problem of induction question reason relevant role Sarukkai scientific explanation scientific knowledge semiotics sense smoke and fire statement structure tarka themes theory of knowledge thesis three conditions truth types understand upadhi valid various Western logic Western philosophy Western tradition word