Indigenous Fruit Trees in the Tropics: Domestication, Utilization and Commercialization
It has been recognized that an important factor in improving the viability of rural livelihoods in developing countries is the promotion of sustainable agriculture. As opposed to relying solely on cash crops, this can be more easily achieved through the domestication of various indigenous fruit trees that can be cultivated and owned by smallholder farmers. Through multi-functional and integrated farming systems, these tree crops can support environmental and social sustainability by providing food as well as promoting economic growth. Twenty years ago, little was known about the biology, ecology or the social impact of indigenous fruit tress on rural populations. Since then, new concepts and approaches have been developed, case studies have been produced and the potential and feasibility of their domestication and commercialization has been explored. This focused study on the tropics brings together a comprehensive review of this research.
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Adansonia digitata Agricultural Agroforestry Centre ICRAF Agroforestry Systems Akinnifesi Amazonia areas Cameroon Chapter clonal clones collection communities conservation cultivars cultivation Dacryodes edulis Domestication and Commercialization Ecology economic farmers Forestry fruit products fruit pulp fruit tree species gabonensis germination germplasm grafting Harare harvesting homegardens households IFTs important improvement income indica indigenous fruit trees indigenous trees International Irvingia juice Kadzere Kwesiga Leakey Maghembe Malawi mango marula miombo fruit trees miombo woodlands Mithöfer Mkonda Nairobi Ngulube nursery nutritional Parinari Parinari curatellifolia participatory peach palm pests plant populations postharvest potential priority processing programme Ramadhani region rural Saka Sclerocarya birrea seed seedlings selection Shackleton Sileshi Simons soil South Africa southern Africa strategy Strychnos Strychnos cocculoides Tanzania Tchoundjeu traits tree crops tree domestication tree products Trees and Livelihoods Tropical Uapaca kirkiana variation vegetative propagation Vitellaria paradoxa wild World Agroforestry Centre Zambia Zimbabwe Ziziphus mauritiana