Deane W. Curtin, Robert Litke
Rodopi, 1999 - Social Science - 413 pages
Violence can be physical and psychological. It can characterize personal actions, forms of group activity, and abiding social and political policy. This book includes all of these aspects within its focus on institutional forms of violence. Institution is also a broad category, ranging from formal arrangements such as the military, the criminal code, the death penalty and prison system, to more amorphous but systemic situations indicated by parenting, poverty, sexism, work, and racism. Violence is as complex as the human beings who resort to it; its institutional forms pervade our relational lives. We are all participants in it as victims and perpetrators. The chapters in this book were written in the hope that violence can be explicated, even if not fully understood, and that such clarification can help us in devising less violent forms of living, even if it does not lead to its total abolition. The studies bring new aspects of violence to light and offer a number of suggestions for its remedy.
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THREE Compromised Childhoods
FOUR The Death Penalty as a Peace Issue
SIX Work and Peacemaking
NINE Genocide and Moral Philosophy
Shell in Nigeria
TWENTYFIVE A World Without Enemies
TWENTYSIX Epistemological Violence
TWENTYSEVEN A Buddhist Response
accept according actions activity agriculture alternative American argues argument attitudes authority become believe causes claim collective concern critical culture death develop direct effects equal ethics evil example existence experience expression feminist force function genocide give given harm human Ibid ideal ideological important individuals institutional violence interests intolerance involved issue John justice justified kind language legitimate liberal limited linguistic lives means military moral mothers nature nonviolent notes officers oppression organization particular Peace person philosophy political position possible practice present Press principles prison problem profession professional question racism reason regard relation requires respect responsibility result sense sexual social society structure suffering suggests theory things thought tolerance understanding University values victims women writes York
Page 25 - Defenceless villages are bombarded from the air, the inhabitants driven out into the countryside, the cattle machinegunned, the huts set on fire with incendiary bullets: this is called pacification. Millions of peasants are robbed of their farms and sent trudging along the roads with no more than they can carry: this is called transfer of population or rectification of frontiers. People are imprisoned for years without trial, or shot in the back of the neck or sent to die of scurvy in Arctic lumber...
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Enjoyment and the Activity of Mind: Dialogues on Whitehead and Education
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