Intoxication: The Universal Drive for Mind-Altering Substances

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Inner Traditions / Bear & Co, Mar 29, 2005 - Social Science - 372 pages
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A scientific and cultural exploration of the pursuit of altered states of consciousness in both humans and animals

• Contains myriad studies and examples from the author's 20 years of research

• By the foremost authority on the social and psychological effects of drug use

History shows that people have always used intoxicants. In every age, in every part of the world, people have pursued intoxication with plants, alcohol, and other mind-altering substances. In fact, this behavior has so much force and persistence that it functions much like our drives for food, sleep, and sex. This "fourth drive," says psychopharmacologist Ronald K. Siegel, is a natural part of our biology, creating the irrepressible demand for intoxicating substances.

In Intoxication Siegel draws upon his 20 years of groundbreaking research to provide countless examples of the intoxication urge in humans, animals, and even insects. The detailed observations of his so-called psychonauts--study participants trained to explicitly describe their drug experiences--as well as numerous studies with animals have helped him to identify the behavior patterns induced by different intoxicants. Presenting his conclusions on the biological as well as cultural reasons for the pursuit of intoxication and showing that personality and guidance often define the outcome of a drug experience, Siegel offers a broad understanding of the intoxication phenomenon as well as recommendations for curbing the negative aspects of drug use in Western culture by designing safe intoxicants.
 

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Anbefales veldig kraftig. Stappfull av interessante historier, særdeles velskrevet - denne boka er fylt til randen av saker og ting en aldri har hørt før. Den er ikke spesielt moraliserende heller. Det virker som om forfatteren har meget mye innsikt i saker og ting. Bør leses av alle som ønsker innsikt i tingenes tilstand!  

Contents

Prologue
1
Introduction
9
War in Eden Origins of Plant Drugs
18
A Trip of Goats Discovery of Poisons and Intoxicants
36
Falling Birds and Flying Cats Accident with Hallucinogens
56
A Shrewdness of Apes Learning to Use Tobacco and Other Drugs
81
Ark on the Rocks Alcohol as the Universal Intoxicant
100
Milk of Paradise Romance and Addiction with Opium
124
The Fourth Drive Motivation for Intoxication
206
Fire in the Brain Mental Marvels Murder and Mechanisms of Control
227
StarSpangled Powders Drugs and the American Way
252
War on Drugs Enduring Supplies and Demands
275
Waking Dreams Drugs in the Future
295
Epilogue
314
Acknowledgments
315
Bibliography
318

Emerald Laughter Hashish and Marijuana
146
Forced March Coca and Cocaine
167
A Bevy of Beasts Drugs in the Social Group
191

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Page 327 - Jr. and Beck, M. 1985. Aversive and attractive marking of toxic and safe foods by Norway rats.

About the author (2005)

Ronald K. Siegel, Ph.D., is a psychopharmacologist on the faculty of the Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences at the UCLA School of Medicine and is a leading authority on the social and psychological effects of drug use. The author of Fire in the Brain and Whispers: The Voices of Paranoia, his research has also appeared in Psychology Today, Scientific American, and Omni as well as the Journal of the American Medical Association and the American Journal of Psychiatry. He lives in Los Angeles.

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