Iron Law of Oligarchy

Front Cover
Frederic P. Miller, Agnes F. Vandome, John McBrewster
VDM Publishing, Oct 12, 2010 - Political Science - 76 pages
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. The iron law of oligarchy is a political theory, first developed by the German syndicalist sociologist Robert Michels in his 1911 book, Political Parties. It states that all forms of organization, regardless of how democratic or autocratic they may be at the start, will eventually and inevitably develop into oligarchies. The reasons behind the oligarchization process are: the indispensability of leadership; the tendency of all groups, not excluding the organization leadership, to defend their interests; and the passivity of the led individuals, more often than not taking the form of actual gratitude towards the leaders. Robert Struble, Jr. argues, however, that a rapid rotation in office can mitigate, or even nullify, the iron law in the legislatures/parliaments of large nations.

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