Jewish Messiah Claimants: Simon Bar Kokhba, Jacob Frank, Jesus, Abraham Abulafia, Judah Ben Shalom, David Reubeni, David Alroy, Theudas

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General Books LLC, 2010 - 92 pages
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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 50. Chapters: Simon bar Kokhba, Menachem Mendel Schneerson, Jacob Frank, Jesus, Sabbatai Zevi, Abraham Abulafia, Judah ben Shalom, David Alroy, David Reubeni, Theudas, Abu Isa, Solomon Molcho, Eve Frank, Shukr Kuhayl I, Simon of Peraea, Moses Botarel, Judah Leib Prossnitz, Moses of Crete, Jacob Querido, Athronges, Lukuas. Excerpt: Jesus of Nazareth, Yeshua in Hebrew or Aramaic (7-2 BC/BCE - 30-36 AD/CE), commonly referred to as Jesus Christ or simply as Jesus or Christ, is the central figure of Christianity. Most Christian denominations venerate him as God the Son incarnated and believe that he rose from the dead after being crucified. The principal sources of information regarding Jesus are the four canonical gospels, and most critical scholars find them useful for reconstructing Jesus' life and teachings. Some scholars believe apocryphal texts such as the Gospel of Thomas and the Gospel of the Hebrews are also relevant. Most critical historians agree that Jesus was a Jew who was regarded as a teacher and healer, that he was baptized by John the Baptist, and was crucified in Jerusalem on the orders of the Roman Prefect of Judaea, Pontius Pilate, on the charge of sedition against the Roman Empire. Critical Biblical scholars and historians have offered competing descriptions of Jesus as a self-described Messiah, as the leader of an apocalyptic movement, as an itinerant sage, as a charismatic healer, and as the founder of an independent religious movement. Most contemporary scholars of the historical Jesus consider him to have been an independent, charismatic founder of a Jewish restoration movement, anticipating a future apocalypse. Other prominent scholars, however, contend that Jesus' "Kingdom of God" meant radical personal and social transformation instead of a future apocalypse. Christians traditionally believe that Jesus was ...

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