Justice and Natural Resources: An Egalitarian Theory
Struggles over precious resources such as oil, water, and land are increasingly evident in the contemporary world. States, indigenous groups, and corporations vie to control access to those resources, and the benefits they provide. These conflicts are rapidly spilling over into new arenas, such as the deep oceans and the Polar regions. How should these precious resources be governed, and how should the benefits and burdens they generate be shared? Justice and Natural Resources provides a systematic theory of natural resource justice. It argues that we should use the benefits and burdens flowing from these resources to promote greater equality across the world, and share governance over many important resources. At the same time, the book takes seriously the ways in which particular resources can matter in peoples lives. It provides invaluable guidance on a series of pressing issues, including the scope of state resource rights, the claims of indigenous communities, rights over ocean resources, the burdens of conservation, and the challenges of climate change and transnational resource governance. It will be required reading for anyone interested in natural resource governance, climate politics, and global justice.
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access to wellbeing accountability reforms agents allocated appropriate argued argument attachment attachment-based basic rights Beitz benefits and burdens burdens flowing Caney carbon carbon taxes Chapter citizens climate change communities conservation considered constraint costs depend developing countries discussion distribution distributive justice economic EEZs effects environmental equal shares exploitation exporting fact favour fishing fossil fuels funds global egalitarian global justice governance human rights implications important improvement improvement-based income individual inequalities insofar instance intergenerational justice international law least left-libertarians life-plans minimalist moral nation-states natural resource justice non-exploitation normative one’s ownership Oxford particular resources people’s permanent sovereignty plausible Pogge political poor principle produce protection question reason redistribution regime require resource curse resource rents resource rights resource taxes resource value resource wealth responsible revenues Risse Saami secure significant social Sovereign Wealth Funds special claims suggested theorists theory of justice threat trade UNCLOS unequal University Press Wenar world’s resources