Living Through Conquest: The Politics of Early English, 1020-1220
Oxford Textual Perspectives is a new series of informative and provocative studies focused upon literary texts (conceived of in the broadest sense of that term) and the technologies, cultures and communities that produce, inform, and receive them. It provides fresh interpretations of fundamental works and of the vital and challenging issues emerging in English literary studies. By engaging with the materiality of the literary text, its production, and reception history, and frequently testing and exploring the boundaries of the notion of text itself, the volumes in the series question familiar frameworks and provide innovative interpretations of both canonical and less well-known works. Living through Conquest is the first ever investigation of the political clout of English from the reign of Cnut to the earliest decades of the thirteenth century. It focuses on why and how the English language was used by kings and their courts and by leading churchmen and monastic institutions at key moments from 1020 to 1220. English became the language of choice of a usurper king; the language of collective endeavour for preachers and prelates; and the language of resistance and negotiation in the post-Conquest period. Analysing texts that are not widely known, such as Cnut's two Letters to the English of 1020 and 1027, Worcester's Confraternity Agreement, and the Eadwine Psalter, alongside canonical writers like Ælfric and Wulfstan, Elaine Treharne demonstrates the ideological significance of the native vernacular and its social and cultural relevance alongside Latin, and later, French. While many scholars to date have seen the period from 1060 to 1220 as a literary lacuna as far as English is concerned, this book demonstrates unequivocally that the hundreds of vernacular works surviving from this period attest to a lively and rich textual tradition. Living Through Conquest addresses the political concerns of English writers and their constructed audiences, and investigates the agenda of manuscript producers, from those whose books were very much in the vein of earlier English codices to those innovators who employed English precisely to demonstrate its contemporaneity in a multitude of contexts and for a variety of different audiences.
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Their dialect proverbs and songs The Context of Conquest
The Process of Conquest
The Propaganda of Conquest
The Silence of Conquest
The Trauma of Conquest
The Writing of Conquest
The Remains of Conquest
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abbot Ælfric Æthelred Alfred’s Anglo Anglo-Norman Anglo-Saxon Chronicle Anglo-Saxon England Archbishop bishop BL Cotton Bodley British Library Canterbury CCCC Christ Church Christian Clemoes Cnut’s Letter Cnut’s reign compilation contemporary context copied Corpus Christi College Cotton Vespasian cultural Danish Eadwine Psalter ealle Elaine Treharne eleventh century English gloss English Manuscripts English texts Exeter folio French Gesta Regum Anglorum God’s Godes Hatton History homiletic homiliaries Homilies John of Worcester king king’s language late West Saxon Latin Leofric linguistic lish literary liturgical London Medieval Middle English monastic monks Norman Conquest Old English Old English Homilies Oxford University Press paet pastoral political post-Conquest period prayers production Rome saints scribe script seems Sermo Lupi sermons St Neot St Wulfstan surviving textual tion Townend trauma Trinity twelfth century vernacular versions Vespasian Vleeskruyer William of Malmesbury Winchester Wormald writing written ximed BL York Gospels þæt