Making Algeria French: Colonialism in Bne, 1870-1920

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Cambridge University Press, Mar 11, 2004 - History - 352 pages
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Making Algeria French relates the history of the pieds noirs and Algerians in colonial Bne, renamed Annaba in 1962. Located in eastern Algeria, this Mediterranean port city staked an early claim to world historical fame as the site of St. Augustine's Hippo. Long after the Romans, as well as the Arabs and Turks, the French tried their hand at settling Algeria. Not content with mere occupation, they constructed colonial cities along the Mediterranean littoral -Algiers, Oran, Bne - and populated them with twice as many European settlers - French, Spanish, Italians, and Maltese - as native Algerians. Using the history of Bne as a lens, David Prochaska looks at the nature of French colonialism in Algeria. His study is based on research in the former Bne municipal archives, generally barred to researchers since 1962. Prochaska concentrates on the formative decades of settler society and culture between 1870 and 1920. After an overview of Bne in 1830, and a survey of French rule from 1830 to 1870, he describes in turn the economic, social, political, and cultural history of Bne through the First World War. He argues that, in making Bne a European city in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the settlers effectively blocked social evolution, attempted to contain history, and thereby precluded any genuine rapprochement with the Algerians in the twentieth century.
 

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Contents

Theoretical foundations Settler colonialism and colonial urbanism
1
From precolonial Annaba to colonial Bone 18301870
29
Annaba on the eve of the French conquest
31
Bone during the first decades of French rule 18301870
62
Bone The formation of a settler colonial city 18701920
95
The urban economy and the regional setting
97
The people of Bone
135
Patronage corruption and the Boss of Bone Jerome Bertagna
180
The creation of a colonial culture
206
Unmaking French Algeria
230
Making Making Algeria French
245
Notes
259
Sources and bibliography
308
Index
325
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About the author (2004)

David Prochaska is Associate Professor of History at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. He is the author of Making Algeria French: Colonialism in Bone, 1870 1920 (1990, 2004).

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