Masks, Transformation, and Paradox
Masks are found world-wide in connection with seasonal festivals, rites of passage, and curative ceremonies. They provide a means of investigating the paradoxical problems that appearances pose in the experience of transitional states. In this far-reaching work, A. David Napier studies mask iconography and the role played by masks in the realization of change. The masks of preclassical Greece¯in particular those of the Satyr and the Gorgon¯provide his starting point. A comparison of Greek to Eastern and especially Indian models follows, and the book concludes with an examination of the interpretation of Hindu ideas in Bali that demonstrates the importance of ambivalence in mask iconography.
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The Problem of Prima
Masks and the Beginnings of Greek Drama
Satyr Centaur Theriomorphic Healer
Its Character and Iconography
IndoEuropean Elements in the Satyrs and Centaurs
Centaurs and Heracles
According ambivalence ancient animal apotropaic appearance association Attic Bali Balinese Barong becomes body Brahmanical caduceus called Centaurs century character Christian common comparative complex connection culture demon derived detail Dionysus discussion divine drama early especially evidence example expression face fact figures forces forehead frequently Goddess gods Gorgon Gorgoneion Greece Greek head Heracles Hindu human iconography idea important Indian indicates individual influence interesting interpretation known legend leonine lion madhu magic manifestation marks masks meaning monster myth mythology nature notion origin paradox performance period Perseus Persians person Plate play possible present problem provides question recognize refers relationship religion representations represented rites ritual role sacred Satyrs seen sense shows significance similar Siva social soma specific story structural suggest symbolic third thought tion tradition transformation tree types understanding Vedic Visnu worship