Media and Participation: A Site of Ideological-democratic Struggle
Participation has become fashionable again, but at the same time it has always played a crucial role in our contemporary societies, and it has been omnipresent in a surprisingly large number of societal fields. In the case of the media sphere, the present-day media conjuncture is now considered to be the most participatory ever, but media participation has had a long and intense history. To deal with these paradoxes, this book looks at participation as a structurally unstable concept and as the object of a political-ideological struggle that makes it oscillate between minimalist and maximalist versions. This struggle is analysed in theoretical reflections in five fields (democracy, arts, development, spatial planning and media) and in eight different cases of media practice. These case studies also show participation’s close connection to power, identity, organization, technology and quality.
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2009 interview actors allow alternative and community alternative media analysis approach argument articulation audience participation Barometer become broadcast Carpentier chapter Chris Mohr citizens civil society community and alternative community media community radio component critique cultural Czechoslovak debate decision-making definition democracy democratic quality dimension discourse discussion diversity embedded emphasizes everyday example Expo 67 film focus group focuses forms of participation hegemonic host identity important individual instance institutionalized politics interaction interactive film interventions Jan Publiek Kinoautomat Laclau and Mouffe mainstream media organizations maximalist media production media professionals media sphere media technologies minimalist networks Novák ordinary organizational panel members participatory media participatory practices participatory process perspective power relations production team programme public sphere radio stations RadioSwap reality TV refers representation rhizomatic rhizome role seen social specific strategies structure subject positions talk show television Temptation Island theory Video Nation viewers voting