Modern Islamic Political Thought

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I.B.Tauris, Sep 17, 2005 - Political Science - 225 pages
2 Reviews
The revival and power of religious feelings among Muslims since the Iranian Revolution presents a complicated and often perplexing picture of the politics of the Islamic world in the modern era. What are the ideas which have influenced the direction of these trends? In this book, Hamid Enayat provides an answer by describing and interpreting some of the major Islamic political ideas, especially those expressed by Iranians and Egyptians, as well as thinkers from Pakistan, India, Lebanon, Syria and Iraq. Enayat studies the political differences between the two main schools in Islam--Shi'ism and Sunnism, how their ideas have evolved in recent times and how far they have moved from confrontation to convergence. Enayat examines the concept of the Islamic state, and the Muslim repsonse to the challenge of alien and modern ideologies such as nationlism, democracy and socialism, as well as notions of Shi'i modernism, much neglected in Western writings. Enayat's classic work, a lucid and well argued interpretation of modern Islamic political thought, remains indispensable for an understanding of the current politics of the Muslim world.
 

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Contents

Shīīsm and Sunnīsm conflict and concord
18
II The polemics
30
The crisis over the Caliphate
52
The concept of the Islamic state
69
II Fundamentalism
83
Nationalism democracy and socialism
111
II Democracy
125
III Socialism
139
Aspects of Shīī modernism
160
I Constitutionalism
164
II Taqiyyah
175
III Martyrdom
181
References
195
Index
213
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About the author (2005)

Hamid Enayat was Reader in Modern Middle Eastern History at Oxford University and Fellow at St. Antony's College, Oxford. Prior to his death in 1980 he was also Professor of Political Science at Tehran University where he chaired the Department of Politics.

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