Modernising Sexualities: Towards a Socio-historical Understanding of Sexualities in the Swiss Nation
This book examines constructions of sexualities and their intersection with nation-building between the 1890s and the 1930s. Using the unification of the Swiss Criminal Code as an investigative framework this book argues that sexualities and nation are intertwined through ideas and discourses about boundaries, their maintenance and their reproduction which, in the context of national fears and anxieties about degeneration, impacted on practices of inclusion and exclusion in the national imaginary.
The book contributes to emerging debates about gender, sexuality and nation, linking it with literature on eugenics and social politics. Explicitly interdisciplinary, the author examines the regulation of sexuality, gender, age and bodies by using an analysis of the legal, political, medical and «lay» discourses deployed in the discussions of the regulation of sexualities. Resulting are topical chapters on the regulation of same-sex desire, the age of consent and young people's sexuality, the construction of femininity and masculinity, the role of the women's social purity movement, the sexual regulation of «feebleminded» women in the context of eugenics, and the sexual politics of the nation.
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Inclusions and Exclusions
The Codification of Swiss Criminal Law
Structure of the Book
Historical and Conceptual Perspectives
Changing Regulations in Switzerland
Young People as Criminals
Protecting Impressionable Youth
Feminised Sexuality and Masculinised Sexuality
The Social Purity Groups and the Promotion of Morality
Managing Social Problems in Switzerland
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adult age of consent age of protection ality argued Auguste Forel blackmail boundaries Bull cantonal catholic-conservatives chapter Commission conceptualised concerned constructions of sexualities criminalisation danger debate demands despite discourse discussion draft equally eugenic eugenicist Federal feebleminded femininity feminist Forel Foucault gender German Hafter heteronormativity heterosexuality homosexuality individual intercourse interest lawyers legal experts legislation male marriage mentally deficient Mesmer middle-class modern modernisation nineteenth century normative pederasty penalisation perceived perception Petition political prostitution psychiatrists punishment queer theory regulation of sexuality reproduction same-sex behaviour same-sex desire same-sex relations same-sex sexual relations seduction seen sexual acts sexual behaviour sexual drive sexual intercourse sexual maturity sexual morality sexual offences social hygiene social purity groups social purity movement society sodomy Steno sterilisation Stooss Swiss Criminal Code Swiss criminal law Switzerland tion unification unnatural indecency women's organisations women's social purity young people's sexual young women youth Ziircher Zurich