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The Global Volume and Pattern of Irregular Migration
How Smuggling and Trafficking Work
2 other sections not shown
abuse achieve activities appear associated asylum attempt Australia become boat border cent Chin China Chinese irregular migration Chinese migrants clearly combat communities concern context cooperation cost countries criminal critical demand destination areas developed difficult direct economic effective eliminate emerged emigration enter entry estimated Europe European example exploitation extremely facilitate factors flows forms Fujian Given global groups Hong Kong human illegal immigration important increased individuals involved irregular migration issue labour land late lead levels limited majority million move movement nature networks North America numbers officials Organization origin overall particular passports perhaps points population position potential present primarily programmes provinces question reach recent regional reported residents result rise role routes seen significant single smuggling sources South-East Asia specific supply syndicates Taiwan tion trade trafficking transit transportation United women workers York