Natural Capital: Theory and Practice of Mapping Ecosystem Services

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Peter Kareiva, Heather Tallis, Taylor H. Ricketts, Gretchen C. Daily, Stephen Polasky
OUP Oxford, Apr 7, 2011 - Science - 392 pages
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In 2005, The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) provided the first global assessment of the world's ecosystems and ecosystem services. It concluded that recent trends in ecosystem change threatened human wellbeing due to declining ecosystem services. This bleak prophecy has galvanized conservation organizations, ecologists, and economists to work toward rigorous valuations of ecosystem services at a spatial scale and with a resolution that can inform public policy. The editors have assembled the world's leading scientists in the fields of conservation, policy analysis, and resource economics to provide the most intensive and best technical analyses of ecosystem services to date. A key idea that guides the science is that the modelling and valuation approaches being developed should use data that are readily available around the world. In addition, the book documents a toolbox of ecosystem service mapping, modeling, and valuation models that both The Nature Conservancy and the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) are beginning to apply around the world as they transform conservation from a biodiversity only to a people and ecosystem services agenda. The book addresses land, freshwater, and marine systems at a variety of spatial scales and includes discussion of how to treat both climate change and cultural values when examining tradeoffs among ecosystem services.

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How to read this book
SECTION IA vision for ecosystem services in decisions
CHAPTER 1Mainstreaming natural capital into decisions
CHAPTER 2Interpreting and estimating the value of ecosystem services
an integrated tool for the real world
CHAPTER 9Provisioning and regulatory ecosystem service values in agriculture
CHAPTER 10Crop pollination services
CHAPTER 11Naturebased tourism and recreation
CHAPTER 12Cultural services and nonuse values
CHAPTER 13Terrestrial biodiversity
SECTION IIIExtensions applications and the next generation of ecosystem service assessments
conservation management and tradeoffs
CHAPTER 15How much information do managers need? The sensitivity of ecosystem service decisions to model complexity

SECTION IIMultitiered models for ecosystem services
CHAPTER 4Water supply as an ecosystem service for hydropower and irrigation
CHAPTER 5Valuing land cover impact on storm peak mitigation
CHAPTER 6Retention of nutrients and sediment by vegetation
CHAPTER 7Terrestrial carbon sequestration and storage
CHAPTER 8The provisioning value of timber and nontimber forest products
CHAPTER 16Poverty and the distribution of ecosystem services
CHAPTER 17Ecosystem service assessments for marine conservation
CHAPTER 18Modeling the impacts of climate change on ecosystem services
CHAPTER 19Incorporating ecosystem services in decisions

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About the author (2011)

Lead editor, Peter Kareiva has worked as a private consultant, as a Professor at several universities (including Brown University, UCSB and University of Washington), a Director of a Conservation Biology group at NOAA Fisheries, and is now a Vice President and Chief Scientist for The Nature Conservancy, the world's largest environmental NGO with over 500 scientists on staff. His focus has been on applying rigorous quantitative tools to support resource and conservation decisions in a pragmatic manner. He has edited five books and written a conservation science textbook, while mentoring over thirty PhD and postdoctoral students who have gone on to faculty positions and government or non-profit positions around the world. His awards include a Guggenheim fellowship and election to the American Academy of Arts and Science. He has worked in Asia, Latin America and North America and in marine, freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems. The other editors have a wealth of experience in the field.

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