On the Origin of Stories

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Harvard University Press, Apr 15, 2009 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 540 pages

A century and a half after the publication of Origin of Species, evolutionary thinking has expanded beyond the field of biology to include virtually all human-related subjects—anthropology, archeology, psychology, economics, religion, morality, politics, culture, and art. Now a distinguished scholar offers the first comprehensive account of the evolutionary origins of art and storytelling. Brian Boyd explains why we tell stories, how our minds are shaped to understand them, and what difference an evolutionary understanding of human nature makes to stories we love.

Art is a specifically human adaptation, Boyd argues. It offers tangible advantages for human survival, and it derives from play, itself an adaptation widespread among more intelligent animals. More particularly, our fondness for storytelling has sharpened social cognition, encouraged cooperation, and fostered creativity.

After considering art as adaptation, Boyd examines Homer’s Odyssey and Dr. Seuss’s Horton Hears a Who! demonstrating how an evolutionary lens can offer new understanding and appreciation of specific works. What triggers our emotional engagement with these works? What patterns facilitate our responses? The need to hold an audience’s attention, Boyd underscores, is the fundamental problem facing all storytellers. Enduring artists arrive at solutions that appeal to cognitive universals: an insight out of step with contemporary criticism, which obscures both the individual and universal. Published for the bicentenary of Darwin’s birth and the 150th anniversary of the publication of Origin of Species, Boyd’s study embraces a Darwinian view of human nature and art, and offers a credo for a new humanism.

 

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User Review  - MaowangVater - LibraryThing

Readers rejoice! You may be among the fittest members of the species. The author is University Distinguished Professor in the Department of English at the University of Auckland in New Zealand. In ... Read full review

On the origin of stories: evolution, cognition, and fiction

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Having just celebrated the 200th anniversary of Charles Darwin's birth, it seems appropriate to reconsider the many ways his theories influence evolutionary thinking in all subjects, particularly ... Read full review

Contents

Animal Human Art Story
1
Evolution Art and Fiction
13
From Zeus to Seuss Origins of Stories
209
Retrospect and Prospects Evolution Literature Criticism
380
Evolution Art Story Purpose
399
Notes
417
Bibliography
457
Index
509
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About the author (2009)

Brian Boyd, University Distinguished Professor in the Department of English, University of Auckland, is the world&s foremost authority on the works of &otherauthor&Nabokov&/otherauthor&.

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